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This chapter analyzes several recently recovered newspaper and magazine narratives by Edith Maude Eaton. Extending far beyond the Chinatown plots of Mrs. Spring Fragrance for which she is best known, "Away Down in Jamaica," "The Alaska Widow," and "Wing Sing of Los Angeles on His Travels" exemplify the broad scope of Eaton's engagements with environmental health, cross-racial relationality, and transnational geographies, as well as how these themes intersect with her experiments with genre, narrative voice, and serial form.
Due to the important roles of resistance training and protein consumption in the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia, we assessed the efficacy of post-exercise Icelandic yogurt consumption on lean mass, strength, and skeletal muscle regulatory factors in healthy untrained older males. Thirty healthy untrained older males (age = 68 ± 4 yr) were randomly assigned to Icelandic yogurt (IR; n =15, 18 g of protein) or an iso-energetic placebo (PR; n =15, 0 g protein) immediately following resistance training (3x/week) for eight weeks. Before and after training, lean mass, strength, and skeletal muscle regulatory factors (insulin-like growth factor-1 [IGF-1], transforming growth factor-beta 1 [TGF-β1], growth differentiation factor 15 [GDF15], Activin A, myostatin [MST], and follistatin [FST]) were assessed. There were group x time interactions (p < 0.05) for body mass (IR: Δ 1, PR: Δ 0.7 kg), body mass index (IR: Δ 0.3, PR: Δ 0.2 kg∙m−2), lean mass (IR: Δ 1.3, PR: Δ 0.6 kg), bench press (IR: Δ 4, PR: 2.3 kg), leg press (IR: Δ 4.2, PR: Δ 2.5 kg), IGF-1 (IR: Δ 0.5, Δ PR: 0.1 ng∙mL−1), TGF-β (IR: Δ −0.2, PR: Δ −0.1 ng∙mL−1), GDF15 (IR: Δ −10.3, PR: Δ −4.8 pg∙mL−1), Activin A (IR: Δ −9.8, PR: Δ −2.9 pg∙mL−1), MST (IR: Δ −0.1, PR: Δ −0.04 ng∙mL−1), and FST (IR: Δ 0.09, PR: Δ 0.03 ng∙mL−1), with Icelandic yogurt consumption resulting in greater changes compared to placebo. The addition of Icelandic yogurt consumption to a resistance training program improved lean mass, strength, and altered skeletal muscle regulatory factors in healthy untrained older males compared to placebo. Therefore, Icelandic yogurt as a nutrient-dense source and cost-effective supplement enhances muscular gains mediated by resistance training and consequently may be used as a strategy for the prevention of sarcopenia.
Hong Kong is an intermediate tuberculosis (TB) burden city in Asia Pacific with slow decline of case notification in the last decade. By 24-loci mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units – variable number of tandem repeats genotyping, we examined 534 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates collected from culture-positive hospitalised TB patients in a 1.7 million population geographic region in the city. Overall, 286 (75%) were classified as Beijing genotype, of which 216 (76%) and 59 (21%) belonged to modern and ancient sub-lineage, respectively. Only two cases were genetically clustered while spatial clustering was absent. Male gender, permanent residency in Hong Kong and born in Hong Kong or Mainland China were associated with Beijing genotype. The high prevalence of Beijing modern lineage was similar to that in East Asia, which reflected the pattern resulting from population migration. The paucity of clustering suggested that reactivation accounted for most of the TB disease cases, which was and echoed by observation that half were 60 years old or above, and the presence of co-morbid medical conditions. The predominance of reactivation TB cases in intermediate burden localities implies that the detection and control of latent TB infection would be the major challenge in achieving TB elimination.
At the end of the nineteenth century, the US annexation of Hawaii (1898) and imperial war in the Philippines (1899–1902) marked a radical shift in East-West relations and US foreign and domestic policies on the Asia-Pacific. This decade witnessed the simultaneous expansion of US empire in the Pacific and the proliferation of exclusion and restriction policies against Asian immigrants on US soil. This chapter mines the pages of the most influential of early Black literary magazines, the Colored American Magazine, and the lesser-studied works of one of its most celebrated contributors, Pauline E. Hopkins, to investigate the complex cross-racial and interethnic tensions and alliances that occur in Black writings from this period. Hopkins’s rhetoric of monogenesis and interracial kinship limned both the possibilities and limits of Afro-Asian linkages and connections against the US empire-state. A minor yet persistent theme in later African American and Asian American writings, this idea of shared kinship sought to challenge US colonialism and its taxonomic approach to racial difference. These writings contribute to an emerging Black American discourse on the Asia-Pacific.