To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Internalized stigmatization means a internalized reaction in the person with mentally illness as a answer against the people reject and discrimination.
The peoples with mentally illness believe that most people reject and devalue people with mental illnesses, they may suffer a number of negative outcomes, such as demoralization, lowered self-esteem.
The aim of our study was to identify the relationship between the factors effecting the internalized stigmatization and self-esteem among patients with mentally illness.
In this study, we measured the prevalence of internalized stigma among 115 outpatients referring to the Psychiatry Service of Antalya Education and Research Hospital between 2009–2010 using Rosenberg Self-Esteem(SE) Scale, the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness(ISMI) Scale, and Personel Datasheet.
Of the patients, 53.9% had middle level of SE and the 22.00–70.00 ranging of ISMI, 30.4% of the patients were found to be 21–30 years-old. We found the increase of ISMI when SE was decreased in both of gender(p = 0.01, r = -0.67) and it was also found to be decreased of ISMI when the education level was increased in the patients(p = 0.004,r = -0.27). Recurrent hospitalization of the patients increased their ISMI points(p = 0.014, r = 0.23). There was no statistical relation between the living place of the patients and their ISMI points(p = 0.523).
Our results suggest that some factors effected internalized stigma and showed the relationship between the internalized stigmatization and self-esteem among patients with mentally illness. To decrease and prevent internalized stigmatization, a specific education should be provided to patients, families and society by health professionals.
This study aimed to describe the results of a retrospective analysis of a specific cohort of patients with benign lip lesions encountered in the last 15 years in the School of Medicine at Karadeniz Technical University.
A total of 312 patients were managed for lip lesions during the period 2000–2014. Data from 160 samples of benign lip biopsies were retrieved from the pathology laboratory records.
The study group included 20 different histopathological types of lesions, with mucocele being the most frequent lesion (43.13 per cent). The other frequent lesions were chronic inflammatory infiltrate (11.25 per cent), intradermal naevus (5.63 per cent), pyogenic granuloma (5.63 per cent), fibroma (5 per cent) and papilloma (5 per cent). Mucocele was significantly more common in younger patients (p < 0.001).
Knowledge of the epidemiology and distribution of oral mucosal lesions is essential to promote early diagnosis and treatment. Further epidemiological studies exploring the causal relationships and risk factors for lip lesions are necessary for a better understanding of lip diseases.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.