It has long been known that carbons have order at the microcrystalline level. Soots have been characterized as having a turbostratic structure and chars have been described as crumpled sheets. The value of electron microscopy in studying the morphology of such materials has been well established although only a few attempts have been made toward quantification.
The Methodology is based upon High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) and further image analysis. The HRTEM image of each sample is recorded, digitized and processed with an image analysis software. Computer generated diffractograms are produced through Fourier Transformation and subsequent reverse transformation yields two color ‘extracted structures’ (Figure 1). The extracted structure is then undergoes statistical analysis. The analysis is aimed at identifying quantifiable structural parameters. Currently the following parameters are studied: circularity (C), elongation (E), and length of fringes (La) orientation of the fringes (cti), the inter-layer spacing (d002), and the fractional coverage of the extracted pattern (F).