Hostname: page-component-77c89778f8-vpsfw Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-23T17:55:23.906Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Phenology and Distribution of Red Horned Poppy (Glaucium corniculatum) in Oklahoma

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 June 2017

Todd A. Baughman
Affiliation:
Agron./C.H.A. Technology, HybriTech Seeds, Mt. Hope, KS 67001), Dep. Agron Dep. Agron., Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK 74078
Thomas F. Peeper
Affiliation:
Agron./C.H.A. Technology, HybriTech Seeds, Mt. Hope, KS 67001), Dep. Agron Dep. Agron., Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK 74078
Thomas K. Baker
Affiliation:
Agron./C.H.A. Technology, HybriTech Seeds, Mt. Hope, KS 67001), Dep. Agron Dep. Agron., Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK 74078
David L. Weeks
Affiliation:
Dep. Stat., Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK 74078

Abstract

A survey conducted to determine the distribution of red horned poppy in western Oklahoma identified infestations in 14 Oklahoma and 3 Texas counties. Soil pH from infested fields ranged from 7.0 to 8.5. Red horned poppy grew as an annual, germinating in fall, spring, or summer. Plants that emerged in the fall survived −25 C, flowered in April and produced mature seed in June. Plants that emerged in April, flowered in June and produced mature seed in July. Corolla color varied from red to yellow with time of anthesis.

Type
Research
Copyright
Copyright © 1990 by the Weed Science Society of America 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Literature Cited

1. Britton, N. L. and Brown, A. 1913. Glaucium flavum Crantz. p. 141 in An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada. Vol. II. Dover Publ., Inc., New York.Google Scholar
2. Davis, P. H., Cullen, J., and Coode, M.J.E. 1965. Glaucium corniculatum (L.) Rudolph. p. 214215 in Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol. 1. Edinburgh Univ. Press, Edinburgh, Great Britain.Google Scholar
3. Great Plains Flora Society. 1986. Glaucium corniculatum (L.) Rudolph p. 112113 in Barkley, T. M., ed. Flora of the Great Plains. Univ. Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.Google Scholar
4. Hafliger, T. J. and Wolf, M. 1988. Glaucium corniculatum (L.) Rudolph. p. 86 in Dicot Weeds 1. Ciga Geigy Ltd., Basle, Switzerland.Google Scholar
5. Hakin, S.A.E., Mijovic, V., and Walker, J. 1961. Distribution of certain poppy-fumaria alkaloids and a possible link with the incidence of glaucoma. Nature 189:198201.Google Scholar
6. Henry, T. A. 1939. The Plant Alkaloids. 3rd ed. P. Blakiston's Son & Co. Inc., Philadelphia, PA.Google Scholar
7. Henson, O. G. 1978. Soil Survey of Custer County, Oklahoma. U.S. Dep. Agric. Soil. Conservation Service.Google Scholar
8. Johnson, G. V. and Minter, D. L. 1989. 1985 Wheat Soil Testing Summary. Okla. State Univ. Coop. Ext. Serv. Agron. 89–1.Google Scholar
9. Klepper, B., Rickman, R. W., and Peterson, C. M. 1982. Quantitative characterization of vegetative development in small cereal grains. Agron. J. 74:789792.Google Scholar
10. McGrath, L. K. 1987. Glaucium flavum Crantz (Papaveraceae) and Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. (Asteraceae) in Oklahoma. Sida, Contrib. Bot. 12 (1):243244.Google Scholar
11. Preininger, V., 1975. The pharmacology and toxicology of the papaveraceae alkaloids. Alkaloids Chem. Physiol. 15:207261.Google Scholar
12. Reed, C. F. 1977. Glaucium corniculatum (L.) Rudolph p. 292 in Economically Important Foreign Weeds Potential Problems in the United States. U.S. Dep. Agric. Handbook 498. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
13. Salisbury, F. B. and Ross, C. W. 1978. Growth in Relation to Time (Growth Kinetics) p. 225226 in Jensen, W. A., ed. Plant Physiology 2nd ed. Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.Google Scholar
14. Santavy, F. 1970. Papaveraceae alkaloids. Alkaloids Chem. Physiol. 12:333454.Google Scholar
15. Santavy, F. 1979. Papaveraceae alkaloids. Alkaloids Chem. Physiol. 17:385519.Google Scholar
16. Stoller, E. W. and Wax, L. M. 1973. Periodicity of germination and emergence of some annual weeds. Weed Sci. 21:574580.Google Scholar