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High Levels of Herbicide Resistance in Rigid Ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) in the Wheat Belt of Western Australia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Rick S. Llewellyn
Affiliation:
Western Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative and Agricultural and Resource Economics Group, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6907
Stephen B. Powles
Affiliation:
Western Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6907
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

A random survey of 264 cropping fields in the Western Australian wheat belt was conducted to determine the extent of rigid ryegrass resistance to commonly used acetolactate synthase- and acetyl-CoA carboxylase-inhibiting herbicides. Rigid ryegrass infestation density was assessed and seed samples collected and subsequently tested for resistance to diclofop-methyl, clethodim, chlorsulfuron, and sulfometuron. Of these randomly collected populations, 46% exhibited resistance to diclofop-methyl and 64% to chlorsulfuron, with 37% exhibiting multiple resistance to both herbicides. Only 28% of tested populations were classified as susceptible to both diclofop-methyl and chlorsulfuron, although all but one population were susceptible to clethodim. Large differences in the proportion of fields containing resistant populations were found between agronomic areas, reflecting different cropping and, therefore, herbicide use history. There was no significant association between resistance status and the density at which rigid ryegrass was present. Herbicide-resistant rigid ryegrass populations are now more common than susceptible populations across much of the Western Australian wheat belt.

Type
Research
Copyright
Copyright © Weed Science Society of America 

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