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Control of thiocarbamate-resistant rigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) in wheat in southern Australia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 September 2019

David J. Brunton
Affiliation:
Postgraduate Student, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, South Australia
Peter Boutsalis
Affiliation:
Postdoctoral Fellow, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, South Australia
Gurjeet Gill
Affiliation:
Associate Professor, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, South Australia
Christopher Preston
Affiliation:
Professor, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, South Australia
Corresponding

Abstract

Two field experiments were conducted during 2018 at Paskeville and Arthurton, South Australia, to identify effective herbicide options for the control of thiocarbamate-resistant rigid ryegrass in wheat. Dose–response experiments confirmed resistance in both field populations (T1 and A18) of rigid ryegrass to triallate, prosulfocarb, trifluralin, and pyroxasulfone. T1 and A18 were 17.9- and 20-fold more resistant to triallate than susceptible SLR4. The level of resistance detected in T1 to prosulfocarb (5.9-fold) and pyroxasulfone (4-fold) was lower compared to A18, which displayed 12.1- and 7.8-fold resistance to both herbicides, respectively. Despite resistance, the mixture of two different preplant-incorporated (PPI) site-of-action herbicides improved rigid ryegrass control and wheat yield compared to a single PPI herbicide only. Prosulfocarb + triallate and prosulfocarb + S-metolachlor + triallate did not reduce rigid ryegrass seed set when compared to prosulfocarb applied alone at the higher rate (2,400 g ai ha–1). Pyroxasulfone + triallate PPI followed by glyphosate (1,880 g ai ha-1) as a weed seed set control treatment reduced rigid ryegrass seed production by 93% and 95% at both sites, respectively. These herbicides also significantly improved grain yield of wheat at Paskeville (22%) and Arthurton (38%) compared to the untreated.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© Weed Science Society of America, 2019 

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