Hostname: page-component-77c89778f8-fv566 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-18T20:42:05.368Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Comparison of Fall Versus Spring Applications of Sulfometuron for Common Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) Release

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 June 2017

James M. Taylor
Dep. of Plant and Soil Sci., Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762
G. Euel Coats
Dep. of Plant and Soil Sci., Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762


A study was conducted to evaluate effects of application timing and sulfometuron rate on weed control and bermudagrass tolerance. Sulfometuron was applied at rates from 13 to 105 g ai/ha and compared to 1120 g ae/ha 2,4-D amine. Control of Italian ryegrass and common vetch was not affected by October, November, December, or March application dates and 39 to 105 g/ha sulfometuron provided equivalent control of both species 6 mo after the initial treatment. Percent green cover of bermudagrass at 6 mo after the initial treatment was 22% or less following March applications compared to 36% or greater when applied in October, November, or December. More bermudagrass injury occurred following March treatments of 52 g/ha or greater sulfometuron where green cover was 14% and less compared to 22 and 30% green cover following 13 g/ha sulfometuron or 1120 g/ha 2,4-D amine, respectively.

Copyright © 1996 by the Weed Science Society of America 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Literature Cited

1. Boyd, J. W. 1985. Bermudagrass release on roadsides. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 38:358.Google Scholar
2. Coats, G. E., Taylor, J. M., and Kelly, S. T. 1991. Highway vegetation management research report-1991. Miss. Agric. and For. Exp. Stn. and Miss. Coop. Ext. Serv. Info. Bull. 226:112.Google Scholar
3. Fleisher, S. J., Gaylor, M. J., Dickens, R., and Turner, D. L. 1989. Roadside management of annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus) and wild carrot (Daucus carota). Weed Technol. 3:7275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
4. Goatley, J. M. Jr., Powell, A. J. Jr., Barrett, M., and Witt, W. W. 1986. The selective control of tall fescue in Kentucky bluegrass turf and pasture. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 39:130.Google Scholar
5. Hanna, W. W., Swann, C. W., Schroeder, J., and Utley, P. R. 1989. Sulfometuron for eliminating bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum) from centipede (Eremochloa ophiuroides) and bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon). Weed Technol. 3:509512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
6. Johnson, B. J. 1987. Turfgrass species response to herbicides applied postemergence. Weed Technol. 1:305311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7. Peters, T. J., Moomaw, R. S., and Martin, A. R. 1989. Herbicides for postemergence control of annual grass weeds in seedling forage grasses. Weed Sci. 37:375379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
8. Turner, D. L. and Dickens, R. 1985. Evaluation of herbicides for winter weed control on roadsides. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 38:355.Google Scholar
9. Withrow, K. D. and Middlebrooks, P. D., 1983. Control of roadside vegetation in Georgia with “Oust”. Proc. South. Weed. Sci. Soc. 36:293.Google Scholar