Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-6c8bd87754-lkb8j Total loading time: 0.192 Render date: 2022-01-21T03:10:13.996Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Article contents

Response of velvetleaf demographic processes to herbicide rate

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Chris M. Boerboom
Affiliation:
Department of Agronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706
David E. Stoltenberg
Affiliation:
Department of Agronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706

Abstract

Field studies were conducted in 1995 and 1996 to determine the rate response of velvetleaf seedling survival, seed production, and shoot biomass to postemergence herbicides in corn and soybean. Dicamba and imazethapyr were applied to corn and soybean, respectively, at 1, ½, ¼, ⅛, 1/16, 1/32, and 0× labeled rates. Velvetleaf mature plant density was linearly related to seedling density, thus indicating that seedling survival was not density dependent, even after seedling densities exceeded 150 plants m−2. Seedling survival as influenced by herbicide was described by a dose–response curve in corn and soybean. In corn, seedling survival ranged from 0 to 48% across herbicide treatments and years. Seedling survival was greater at the ½× or lower herbicide rates than at the 1× rate. In soybean, maximum seedling survival was 61 and 14% in 1995 and 1996, respectively, and minimum seedling survival was less than 2% in each year. Seedling survival was less in 1996 than in 1995 because velvetleaf was infected with wilt in 1996. In soybean, seedling survival was 20 times greater when treated with herbicides at the ½× rate than when treated at the 1× rate in 1995, but seedling survival was similar when herbicides were applied at 1, ½, ¼, and ⅛× rates in 1996. Velvetleaf fecundity (seeds per plant) was dependent on mature plant density in 1995 but was density independent in 1996. Fecundity as influenced by herbicide was described by dose–response curves in corn each year and in soybean in 1995. In 1995, velvetleaf treated with herbicides at ½× and ¼× rates produced 20 to 30 times more seed per square meter than when treated with herbicides at the 1× rate. Differences in seed per square meter were exaggerated by high densities of velvetleaf. Seed per square meter did not differ between velvetleaf treated with herbicides at 1× or ½× rates in corn or soybean in 1996. Wilt infection of velvetleaf in 1996 was the likely cause of differences in herbicide performance between years. Herbicides at reduced rates were not effective at limiting seedling survival and seed production compared to 1× rates in the absence of wilt. As a result, long-term management of velvetleaf with herbicides at reduced rates likely will be difficult, especially in areas with high densities, unless integrated with other management practices.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Weed Science Society of America 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Akey, W. C., Jurik, T. W., and Dekker, J. 1991. A replacement series evaluation of competition between velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) and soybean (Glycine max). Weed Res. 31:6372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bauer, T. A. and Mortensen, D. A. 1992. A comparison of economic and economic optimum thresholds for two annual weeds in soybean. Weed Technol. 6:228235.Google Scholar
Bello, I. A., Owen, M. D., and Hatterman-Valente, H. M. 1995. Effect of shade on velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) growth, seed production, and dormancy. Weed Technol. 9:452455.Google Scholar
Buhler, D. D., Doll, J. D., Proost, R. T., and Visocky, M. R. 1994. Interrow cultivation to reduce herbicide use in corn following alfalfa without tillage. Agron. J. 86:6672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cardina, J., Regnier, E., and Sparrow, D. 1995. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) competition and economic thresholds in conventional- and no-tillage corn (Zea mays). Weed Sci. 43:8187.Google Scholar
Cousens, R., Doyle, C. J., Wilson, B. J., and Cussans, G. W. 1986. Modelling the economics of controlling Avena fatua in winter wheat. Pestic. Sci. 17:112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DeFelice, M. S., Brown, W. B., Aldrich, R. J., Sims, B. D., Judy, D. T., and Guethle, D. R. 1989. Weed control in soybean (Glycine max) with reduced rates of postemergence herbicides. Weed. Sci. 37:365374.Google Scholar
Devlin, D. L., Long, J. H., Maddux, L. D. 1991. Using reduced rates of postemergence herbicides in soybean (Glycine max). Weed Technol. 5:834840.Google Scholar
Dieleman, J. A., Mortensen, D. A., and Martin, A. R. 1999. Influence of velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) and common sunflower (Helianthus annuus) density variation on weed management outcomes. Weed Sci. 47:8189.Google Scholar
Gray, J. A., Stoltenberg, D. E., and Balke, N. E. 1995. Absence of herbicide cross-resistance in two atrazine-resistant velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti). Weed Sci. 43:352357.Google Scholar
Griffin, J. L., Reynolds, D. B., Vidrine, P. R., and Saxton, A. M. 1992. Common cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium) control with reduced rates of soil and foliar-applied imazaquin. Weed Technol. 6:847851.Google Scholar
Krausz, R. F., Kapusta, G., and Matthews, J. L. 1993. The effect of giant foxtail (Setaria faberi) plant height on control with six postemergence herbicides. Weed Technol. 7:491494.Google Scholar
Lindquist, J. L., Maxwell, B. D., Buhler, D. D., and Gunsolus, J. L. 1995a. Modeling the population dynamics and economics of velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) control in a corn (Zea mays)-soybean (Glycine max) rotation. Weed Sci. 43:269275.Google Scholar
Lindquist, J. L., Maxwell, B. D., Buhler, D. D., and Gunsolus, J. L. 1995b. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) recruitment, survival, seed production, and interference in soybean (Glycine max). Weed Sci. 43:226232.Google Scholar
Lueschen, W. E. and Andersen, R. N. 1980. Longevity of velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) seeds in soil under agricultural practices. Weed Sci. 28:341346.Google Scholar
Mohler, C. L. and Callaway, M. B. 1995. Effects of tillage and mulch on weed seed production and seed banks in sweet Z. mays . J. Appl. Ecol. 32:627639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mohler, C. L. and Teasdale, J. R. 1993. Response of weed emergence to rate of Vicia villosa Roth and Secale cereale L. residue. Weed Res. 33:487499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mulder, T. A. and Doll, J. D. 1993. Integrating reduced herbicide use with mechanical weeding in corn (Zea mays). Weed Technol. 7:382389.Google Scholar
Mulugeta, D. and Stoltenberg, D. E. 1997. Weed seedbank management with integrated methods as influenced by tillage. Weed Sci. 45:706715.Google Scholar
Muyonga, K. C., DeFelice, M. S., and Sims, B. D. 1996. Weed control with reduced rates of four soil applied soybean herbicides. Weed Sci. 44:148155.Google Scholar
O’Sullivan, J. and Bouw, W. J. 1993. Reduced rates of postemergence herbicides for weed control in sweet corn (Zea mays). Weed Technol. 7:9951000.Google Scholar
Pacala, S. W. and Silander, J. A. Jr. 1985. Neighborhood models of plant population dynamics. I. Single-species models of annuals. Am. Nat. 125:385411.Google Scholar
Prostko, E. P. and Meade, J. A. 1993. Reduced rates of postemergence herbicides in conventional soybean (Glycine max). Weed Technol. 7:365369.Google Scholar
Rabaey, T. L. and Harvey, R. G. 1994. Efficacy of corn (Zea mays) herbicides applied at reduced rates impregnated in dry fertilizer. Weed Technol. 8:830835.Google Scholar
Seefeldt, S. S., Jensen, J. E., and Fuerst, E. P. 1995. Log-logistic analysis of herbicide dose-response relationships. Weed Technol. 9:218227.Google Scholar
Sickinger, S. M., Grau, C. R., and Harvey, R. G. 1987. Verticillium wilt of velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti). Plant Dis. 71:415418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Spencer, N. R. 1984. Velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti (Malvaceae), history and economic affect in the United States. Econ. Bot. 38:407416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Steckel, L. E., DeFelice, M. S., and Sims, L. D. 1990. Integrating reduced rates of postemergence herbicides and cultivation for broadleaf weed control in soybean (Glycine max). Weed Sci. 38:541545.Google Scholar
Stoltenberg, D. E. and Wiederholt, R. J. 1995. Giant foxtail (Setaria faberi) resistance to aryloxyphxypropionate and cyclohexanedione herbicides. Weed Sci. 43:527535.Google Scholar
Streibig, J. C., Rudemo, M., and Jensen, J. E. 1993. Dosage-response curves and statistical models. Pages 2955 In Streibig, J. C. and Kudsk, P., eds. Herbicide Bioassays. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.Google Scholar
Teasdale, J. R. 1995. Influence of narrow row/high population corn (Zea mays) on weed control and light transmittance. Weed Technol. 9:113118.Google Scholar
Wiederholt, R. J. and Stoltenberg, D. E. 1995. Cross-resistance of a large crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis) accession to arloxyphenoxypropionate and cyclohexanedione herbicides. Weed Technol. 9:518524.Google Scholar
Zanin, G. and Sattin, M. 1988. Threshold level and seed production of velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti Medicus) in maize. Weed Res. 28:347352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zoschke, A. 1994. Toward reduced herbicide rates and adapted weed management. Weed Technol. 8:376386.Google Scholar
12
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Response of velvetleaf demographic processes to herbicide rate
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Response of velvetleaf demographic processes to herbicide rate
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Response of velvetleaf demographic processes to herbicide rate
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *