Published online by Cambridge University Press: 12 June 2017
Absorption of ethyl ester of chlorimuron by excised velvetleaf root tissue was investigated. Chlorimuron uptake increased rapidly, reaching a maximum after 2 h. After 4 h, however, a portion of the previously absorbed herbicide was lost to the external solution. The temperature coefficient (Q10) for chlorimuron absorption between 15 and 25 C was 1.9. The herbicide uptake was severely inhibited by metabolic inhibitors, DNP and KCN, and by anaerobic conditions (anoxia). Results of permeation experiments indicated that chlorimuron did not accumulate in the root tissue against a concentration gradient, and Ci/Co reached 1.0 after a 2-h permeation period. Chlorimuron efflux was continuous and after 2 h of washing the tissue in a herbicide-free solution, 90% of the previously absorbed herbicide was removed, suggesting that its accumulation in the tissue was reversible.