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Phenotypic, Genetic, and Environmental Properties of the Portrait Values Questionnaire

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 February 2012

Julie Aitken Schermer*
Affiliation:
Management and Organizational Studies, Faculty of Social Science, The University of Western Ontario, Canada. jharris@uwo.ca
N. T. Feather
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, Flinders University, Australia.
Gu Zhu
Affiliation:
Genetic Epidemiology Unit, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Australia.
Nicholas G. Martin
Affiliation:
Genetic Epidemiology Unit, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Australia.
*
*Address for correspondence: Julie Aitken Schermer, Management and Organizational Studies, Faculty of Social Science, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6G 2R5.

Abstract

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The purpose of the present study was to examine the 10 value types from the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ; Schwartz et al., 2001) both at the phenotypic (observed) level as well as the genetic and environmental level. Australian twins (N = 695) completed the PVQ as part of a larger questionnaire battery. Nine of the value types were found to have a genetic component with heritability estimates ranging from 10.8% for power to 38% for conformity. The achievement scale was best explained by environmental factors. The interscale correlations were found to range from –.02 to .70 at the phenotypic level. Of these 45 correlations, 16 were found to be explained by overlapping genetic factors and almost all (41) were found to have significant unique environment correlations.

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Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2008
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