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Aims and Scope
Editorial Governance
Scope of Content / Article Types
Style Guide
Publication Ethics
Open Access
Data Availability
Author Language Services

Aims and Scope

The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist is published for the British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies and is the sister Journal to Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist is an interdisciplinary peer reviewed journal aimed at CBT practitioners. Published online, the journal will publish a range of types of papers (see below for a full description of each) that support CBT therapists in improving their delivery of CBT, supervision and training and/or develop our knowledge and understanding of CBT across all areas.

A particular feature of the journal is that its electronic nature is designed to ensure timeliness of publication and professional debate whilst also ensuring rigorous standards in the dissemination of high-quality materials with relevance to the practice of the cognitive and behaviour therapies.

Editorial Governance

The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist encompasses most areas of human behaviour and experience, and represents many different research methods, from quantitative to qualitative research, how to flexibly implement specific clinical interventions right through to detailed case studies. Under the guidance of its editorial board the Cognitive Behaviour Therapist aims to reflect and influence the continuing changes in the concepts, methodology, and techniques within the cognitive and behaviour therapies.

Editorial Statement – scope of journal content

The Editors welcome authoritative contributions from people involved, in the practice, research, education, training and supervision in the cognitive and behaviour therapies. Articles must be original and focused upon cognitive and/or behaviour therapy. There is no formal word limit but concision is recommended.

In terms of subject areas, our scope includes

  • the delivery of CBT
  • supervision of CBT
  • training in CBT
  • service model and forms of delivery of CBT.

Papers on these subject areas may fit within any of the types of papers detailed below.

Papers should be submitted online at

Manuscripts should be submitted with any identifiers removed for blind review. If authors fail to omit identifiers, anonymised review cannot be guaranteed.

The Editor-in-Chief and Editorial Team will make an initial decision on of whether submitted papers fall within the remit of the journal and/or are of sufficient interest and importance to warrant full review.

All articles must include the following sections:

  1. Key Learning Aims (3 – 5 bullet points)
    - Position – After the Abstract and Keywords
    - Intention – What will the reader learn through reading the paper?
  2. Key Practice Points (3 – 5 bullet points)
    - Position – before the references
    - Intention – a summary of the papers with clear and practical implications for the day-to-day practice of CBT therapists
  3. Further Reading
    - Position – before the references and after the Key Practice Points
    - Intention – to direct the reader to other relevant follow up literature

This stipulation is in keeping with the practitioner and professional development aims of the journal.

The main types of articles published are detailed below as a guide. Many of these will be therapy related but tCBT also welcomes papers related to subject areas such as CBT supervision and training.

Most papers will have a subject area (e.g. therapy, assessment, supervision, training, service development) and a paper type (e.g. Original Research, Case Study, Review) e.g. a single case study looking at the impact of supervision, an empirically grounded clinical guidance paper focussing on a training method.

Research Transparency

The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist believes in the importance of transparent and reproducible research. We therefore strongly encourage authors to make their evidence, data and other materials that underpin their findings openly available to readers which is outlined in our Research Transparency Policy. Authors will be asked on submission to include in their cover letter to the Editor whether they have made their data publicly available and confirm the inclusion of the Data Availability Statement. If the authors are not making their data publicly available, we ask them to state the reason why in their cover letter.

Types of Paper

Original Research

Research evidence is at the heart of the practice of cognitive and behavioural psychotherapists. Original research will be published that directly relevant to the practice of CBT, such as the therapeutic relationship, therapeutic process and the evaluation of therapeutic strategies and techniques. It is expected that such reports meet both the necessary standards of scientific rigour and the journal’s requirement of clear implications for the practice of CBT. Consequently, the description of the research and the presentation of results should be sufficiently brief to enable sufficient discussion of the practice implications. Consideration will be given to quantitative, qualitative and mixed approaches given appropriate fit between the question, methodology and research methods chosen.

For examples see:

Hutton, J., Ellett, L., & Berry, K. (2017). Adult attachment and paranoia: An experimental investigation. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 10, E4. doi:10.1017/S1754470X17000058

Kobori, O., Salkovskis, P., Pagdin, R., Read, J., & Halldorsson, B. (2017). Carer's perception of and reaction to reassurance seeking in obsessive compulsive disorder. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 10, E7. doi:10.1017/S1754470X17000095

McManus, F., Leung, C., Muse, K., & Williams, J. (2014). Understanding ‘cyberchondria’: An interpretive phenomenological analysis of the purpose, methods and impact of seeking health information online for those with health anxiety. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 7, E21. doi:10.1017/S1754470X14000270

This category of paper type could also include single-case experimental design research or a case series.

For example see:

Thomson, C., Wilson, R., Collerton, D., Freeston, M., & Dudley, R. (2017). Cognitive behavioural therapy for visual hallucinations: An investigation using a single-case experimental design. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 10, E10. doi:10.1017/S1754470X17000174

Empirically Grounded Clinical Guidance Papers

Some of the most widely-read and discussed papers in tCBT have been those that are the synthesis of clinical experience, informed reasoning and either limited direct evidence in the field with evidence from related fields.

tCBT is very keen to consider submission of such papers in relevant fields that are of interest to CBT therapists, supervisors and trainers. These tend to be written by experts in the field and are designed to solve specific practical problems or clarify gaps in our knowledge. Ideally they lead to practical implications and recommendations whilst generating hypotheses for future research.

For examples see:

Barton, S., Armstrong, P., Wicks, L., Freeman, E., & Meyer, T. (2017). Treating complex depression with cognitive behavioural therapy. the Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 10, E17.

Duffy, M., & Wild, J. (2017). A cognitive approach to persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD). the Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 10, E16.

Freeston, M., Thwaites, R., & Bennett-Levy, J. (2019). ‘Courses for Horses’: Designing, adapting and implementing self-practice/self-reflection programmes. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 12, E28.

Murray, H., Merritt, C., & Grey, N. (2015). Returning to the scene of the trauma in PTSD treatment - why, how and when? the Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 8, 1–12.

Veale, D. (2009). Cognitive behaviour therapy for a specific phobia of vomiting. the Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 2(4), 272-288.

Case Studies

Dissemination of effective practice will be promoted through the publication of case studies that involve CBT with individuals, couples, groups and families. A suggested template is provided which is designed to ensure sufficient information is provided to allow other therapists to replicate successful therapy. All articles must include 3-5 learning objectives that will be achieved through reading the article. At the end of each paper a summary of the main practice points should be included with suggestions for follow-up reading. This stipulation is in keeping with the practitioner and professional development aims of the journal.

The case study should contribute to the development of theory or clinical practice, and feed into CBT practice as a whole rather than just relating to the specific case. Case studies should generally follow this structure:

  • Abstract
  • Key Learning Points
  • Introduction: including an outline of theoretical research and clinical literature relevant to the case
  • Presenting problem: including information on the presenting problem and associated goals of treatment, diagnosis, relevant history and development of problems, scores on standard and idiographic measures, relevant history
  • Formulation: including a relevant theory-based CBT model used as a framework.
  • Course of therapy: including methods used linked to theory and assessment of progress; difficulties encountered and any innovations in therapy
  • Outcome: including clinical change, progress towards goals, change to measures, plans for follow-up
  • Discussion: including relating to theory and evidence-base as well as reflections on own practice; implications for therapy and recommendations for other clinicians
  • Key Practice Points
  • Further Reading

For examples see:

Bernstein, R., Angell, K., & Dehle, C. (2013). A brief course of cognitive behavioural therapy for the treatment of misophonia: A case example. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 6, E10. doi:10.1017/S1754470X13000172

Jenkins, P. (2017). Can temporary cessation of CBT really be therapeutic? A case study. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 10, E8. doi:10.1017/S1754470X17000101

In addition to clinical case studies, there may be case studies related to training or supervision which would require a slightly amended structure to the one outline above.

Invited Papers

At times tCBT will invite papers on specific issues where there is a gap in the clinical literature. This may involve commissioning papers directly from experts in a particular area or this may be a call to the wider CBT community.


Reviews of historical, contemporary, or innovative approaches to practice are also sought providing that they demonstrate relevance to the practice of the current cognitive and behavioural psychotherapies. Prospective authors for review papers should initially discuss their proposals with the Editor-in-Chief.

Reviews of Assessment Tools and Methods

Reviews of clinical scales and other assessment methods will also be considered.

These reviews should provide the practitioner with a review of a scale’s or other tool’s purpose and properties, sufficient information to know how and when to use it, and how to interpret the results and make use of them. All articles must include a set of 3-5 learning objectives that will be achieved through reading the paper. At the end of each paper a summary of the main points from the paper must be included with suggestions for follow-up reading. This stipulation is in keeping with the practitioner and professional development aims of the journal.

For examples see:

Hyland, P., Shevlin, M., Adamson, G., & Boduszek, D. (2013). The factor structure and composite reliability of the Profile of Emotional Distress. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 6, E15. doi:10.1017/S1754470X13000214

Reiser, R., Cliffe, T., & Milne, D. (2018). An improved competence rating scale for CBT Supervision: Short-SAGE. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 11, E7. doi:10.1017/S1754470X18000065

Service Models, Forms of Delivery and Cultural Adaptations of CBT

The service model is the clinical and operational framework that exists to support the therapist with the delivery of cognitive behavioural therapies. Description and evaluation of innovative clinical service models (both in the UK and internationally) and delivery formats that can be generalised to other services will be considered for publication. Audits will only be considered if they are of wider interest and value in informing the work of other services.

tCBT is keen to publish research that either expands the evidence base for previously under-represented groups or work that describes and evaluates cultural adaptations that are required for different populations.

For examples see:

Jankowska, M. (2019). Cultural modifications of cognitive behavioural treatment of social anxiety among culturally diverse clients: A systematic literature review. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 12, E7. doi:10.1017/S1754470X18000211

King, D., & Said, G. (2019). Working with unaccompanied asylum-seeking young people: Cultural considerations and acceptability of a cognitive behavioural group approach. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 12, E11. doi:10.1017/S1754470X18000260

Thew, G. (2020). IAPT and the internet: The current and future role of therapist-guided internet interventions within routine care settings. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 13, E4. doi:10.1017/S1754470X20000033

Thew, G., MacCallam, J., Salkovskis, P., & Suntharalingam, J. (2017). Developing and evaluating psychological provision in the acute hospital setting for patients with chronic respiratory disease. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 10, E5. doi:10.1017/S1754470X17000071

Style Guide

Title page

This should uploaded as a separate file the main text to ensure blind review.

The title should phrase concisely the major issues. Author(s) to be given with departmental affiliations and addresses, grouped appropriately. A running head of no more than 40 characters should be indicated.

The following statements should be included on the title page:


You may acknowledge individuals or organizations that provided advice, support (non-financial).

Conflicts of Interest

Authors should include a Conflicts of Interest declaration in their title page. Conflicts of Interest are situations that could be perceived to exert an undue influence on an author’s presentation of their work. They may include, but are not limited to, financial, professional, contractual or personal relationships or situations.Conflicts of Interest do not necessarily mean that an author’s work has been compromised. Authors should declare any real or perceived Conflicts of Interest in order to be transparent about the context of their work. If the manuscript has multiple authors, the author submitting the title page must include Conflicts of Interest declarations relevant to all contributing authors.

Example wording for your Conflicts of Interest declaration is as follows: “Conflicts of Interest: Author A is employed at company B. Author C owns shares in company D, is on the Board of company E and is a member of organisation F. Author G has received grants from company H.” If no Conflicts of Interest exist, your declaration should state “Conflicts of Interest: None”.

Data Availability Statement

This is a brief statement about whether the authors of an article have made the evidence supporting their findings available, and if so, where readers may access it. More information on Data Availability Statements and example statements can be found here. Please note that if you are not making your data publicly available, we ask you to state the reason why in your cover letter to the Editor. Also see information on Data Availability below in these instructions.

Financial support

Please provide details of the sources of financial support for all authors, Including grant numbers. For example, "This work was supported by the Medical research Council (grant number XXXXXXX)". Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma and space, and where research was funded by more than one agency the different agencies should be separated by a semi-colon, with "and" before the final funder. Grants held by different authors should be identified as belonging to individual authors by the authors’ initials. For example, "This work was supported by the Wellcome Trust (A.B., grant numbers XXXX, YYYY), (C.D., grant number ZZZZ); the Natural Environment Research Council (E.F., grant number FFFF); and the National Institutes of Health (A.B., grant number GGGG), (E.F., grant number HHHH)". Where no specific funding has been provided for research, please provide the following statement: "This research received no specific grant from any funding agency, commercial or not-for-profit sectors."

Main Text (anonymised with no author information)

This should be uploaded as a .doc file with the following running order (unless a Case study). The following format is based on APA style, which should be followed throughout:


This should summarize the article in no more than 250 words, references should not be included in the abstract.


Please include up to six key words that could be used to effectively search for the article.

Key Learning Aims

Body of paper

This should begin with an introduction, succinctly introducing the point of the paper to those interested in the general area of the journal. Attention should be paid to the Editorial Statement. The appropriate positions of tables and figures should be indicated in the text. Footnotes should be avoided where possible.

Ethical Statements

All papers should include a statement indicating that authors have abided by the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct as set out by the BABCP and BPS. Authors should also confirm if ethical approval was needed, by which organisation, and provide the relevant reference number. If no ethical approval was obtained, the authors should state what governance arrangements were in place (e.g. audit committee approval).

Key Practice Points

Further Reading


Please use APA style for the in-text citations and references. In the reference list there is an additional requirement that author names be listed in bold face. For example:

Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 8(3), 207–217.

Authors are encouraged to make use of referencing software packages (e.g. Endnote, Mendeley, Reference Manager etc.) to assist with formatting - extensions for APA formatting are easily accessible. Authors are also reminded to use bold face for author names in the reference list.

Tables and Figures

These should not be included in the body of the manuscript text, but uploaded as individual files.

Use text anchors to show their intended position within the manuscript.

Numbered figure captions should be provided.


Use APA style. Tables should be provided in editable Word format. They should be numbered and given explanatory titles.

Name your uploaded file to correspond with the caption in the manuscript.


Use APA style. All artwork should be submitted as separate TIFF format files.

The minimum resolution for submission of electronic artwork is:

Halftone Images (Black and White Photographs only): 300 dpi (dots per inch).

LineTone (Black and White Photographs plus Line Drawings in the same figure): 600 dpi (dots per inch).

Bitmap (Line Drawings only): 1200 dpi (dots per inch).

Please see this link for full guidance on artwork

Supplementary Files

Where unpublished material e.g. behaviour rating scales or therapy manuals are referred to in an article, copies should be submitted as an additional document (where copyright allows) to facilitate review. Supplementary files can be used to convey supporting or extra information to your study, however, the main manuscript should be able to ‘stand-alone’. Supporting documents are reviewed but not copyedited on acceptance of the article. They can therefore be submitted in PDF format, and include figures and tables within the text. There is no word limit for supporting online information.

Reporting Standards

The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist supports standardised reporting practices, consult the following table to ensure your submission meets the reporting standards for your manuscript type. Please include the relevant supporting information (such as diagrams and checklists) with your submission files. See for more information on manuscript types not described below.

The journal also encourages clarity in describing interventions sufficient to allow their replication through the use of the Template for Intervention Description and Replication Checklist (TIDieR).

Randomised Controlled Trial CONSORT
Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis PRISMA
Study Protocols SPIRIT

Suggested Reviewers

During the submission process, you will be asked to indicate your preferred and non-preferred reviewers, and the reasons for your choices.

Preferred reviewers:

  • Should not have a conflict of interest (such as a recent or current close working relationship, or from the same institution)
  • At least half of the list should be international to yourself
  • Please consider early career researchers as well as field leaders
  • Please suggest both niche experts and those with wider knowledge of the subject

Non-preferred reviewers:

  • May have personal or subjective bias to your work which disregards the scientific merit
  • May have seen or commented on the submitted manuscript, or prior versions.

For more information on the peer review process and to find resources for reviewers, please visit this page.


The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist encourages authors to identify themselves using their ORCID iD when submitting a manuscript to the journal. ORCID provides a unique identifier for researchers and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript submission and grant applications, provides the following benefits:

  • Discoverability: ORCID increases the discoverability of your publications, by enabling smarter publisher systems and by helping readers to reliably find work that you’ve authored.
  • Convenience: As more organisations use ORCID, providing your iD or using it to register for services will automatically link activities to your ORCID record, and will enable you to share this information with other systems and platforms you use, saving you re-keying information multiple times.
  • Keeping track: Your ORCID record is a neat place to store and (if you choose) share validated information about your research activities and affiliations.

You can register for an ORCiD account and iD here: If you already have an iD, please use this when submitting, either by linking it to your Scholar One account or supplying it during submission by using the "Associate your existing ORCID ID" button.

Publication Ethics

The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist is committed to actively investigating any cases of suspected misconduct, even in the event of the manuscript being withdrawn. All editors and reviewers are asked to disclose any conflicts of interest when they are assigned a manuscript. If deemed necessary, alternative or additional opinions will be sought in order to maintain the balance of fair and thorough peer review. All authors are also required to provide statements pertaining to conflicts of interest and ethical principles.

The journal is a member of COPE and abides by the COPE code of conduct. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist and Cambridge University Press take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism, or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to uphold high standards of research integrity, and expect the same of our authors. Accordingly, we will always investigate claims of plagiarism or other research integrity or publication ethics allegations. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action. Any action would be in accordance with Cambridge University Press’s Research Publishing Ethics Guidelines and may include, without limitation, retracting the article, referring the matter to the author’s institution and/or other relevant academic bodies or societies, or appropriate legal action. Further information regarding the journal's and Cambridge University Press' ethical policies can be found here.

Open Access

Upon acceptance of your paper, you may choose to publish your article via Gold Open Access (following payment of an Article Processing Charge). Current APC rates for the journal can be found here.

Please note: APC collection is managed by Rightslink, who will contact authors who have elected to publish via Open Access.

Green Open Access is also supported by Cambridge Open and full details can be found on the journal author publishing agreements.

Note: Open Access publication under a CC-BY licence may be required when funding has been received from some funding bodies. If this applies to your paper make sure to let us know during the submission process, and complete the appropriate Open Access author publishing agreement. You can also indicate through the Scholar One system that your paper should deposited in PubMed Central if accepted, which may also be required by funders.

Data Availability

The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist believes in the importance of transparent and reproducible research. We therefore strongly encourage all submissions to include a Data Availability Statement to describe whether the materials that underpin the findings of the manuscript have been made available to readers, and if so, where. This policy will be encouraged from August 2020 and made mandatory by January 2022. For more information on including a data availability statement and making data available please see the information on the Research Transparency page.

Proofs and Copyright

Proofs of accepted articles will be sent electronically to authors for the correction of printers’ errors; authors’ alterations may be charged. Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if it is accepted for publication exclusive publishing rights of the paper shall be licensed to the Association (excepting papers published as Open Access — see the journal's author publishing agreements for more information).

Author Language Services

Cambridge University Press recommends that authors have their manuscripts checked by an English language native speaker before submission; this will ensure that submissions are judged at peer review exclusively on academic merit. Cambridge partners with a third-party service specialising in language editing and / or translation, and suggest that authors contact as appropriate. Use of such services is voluntary, at the author's own expense, and no guarantee of having an article accepted in the journal.

Last updated 14 July 2021