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Clinical and Polygraphic Characteristics of Patients with Respiratory Dyskinesia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2018

Helen F. K. Chiu*
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 11/F, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong
Linda C. W. Lam
Affiliation:
Kwai Chung Hospital, Hong Kong
Christopher H. S. Chan
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong
Crover K. W. Ho
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Chinese University of Hong Kong
Patrick P. S. Shum
Affiliation:
Mental Health Services, Hong Kong
*Corresponding
Correspondence

Abstract

Respiratory dyskinesia is characterised by irregularity in rate, rhythm and depth of breathing. This study reports on the clinical features of 11 patients with respiratory dyskinesia identified from a mental hospital in Hong Kong, together with the results of the 24-hour polygraphic recording of seven patients. Virtually all patients with respiratory dyskinesia had tardive dyskinesia. However, the condition was missed or misdiagnosed in all cases by the case psychiatrists. The respiratory irregularity persisted for most of the day and only disappeared when patients took a prolonged rest or fell asleep. A standardised clinical examination for respiratory dyskinesia is proposed.

Type
Brief Reports
Copyright
Copyright © The Royal College of Psychiatrists 

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