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Distribution of the Magnetic Force in the Surface Layers of Sunspots

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 August 2015

J. Jakimiec*
Astronomical Institute, Wroclaw University, Poland


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At the beginning the problem of constructing the three-dimensional magnetohydrostatic models of the photospheric layers in sunspots is discussed in some detail. It is pointed out that the construction of such models by solving the set of equations of magnetohydrostatics cannot be effectively carried out.

In order to solve the difficulties a suitable method of determining the distribution of the magnetic force in sunspots from measurements of the magnetic field has been worked out. Tentative results of the computations are presented.

General features of the distribution of the magnetic force in the photospheric layers of stable sunspots are discussed. It is pointed out that significant magnetic forces are necessary in the penumbra; they secure its transversal equilibrium, but are rather unimportant for its vertical structure. And it is quite probable that the magnetic field in the umbras of stable spots is nearly potential or force-free down to the photospheric level.

Part V: Theories of Small Scale Magnetic Fields
Copyright © Reidel 1971 


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