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The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire -Dysregulation Profile, Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Behaviors and the Mediating Role of Stressful Life Events

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 June 2018

Irene Caro-Cañizares*
Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz (Spain).
Mónica Díaz de Neira-Hernando
Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz (Spain).
Bernadette Pfang
Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz (Spain).
Enrique Baca-Garcia
Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz (Spain).
Juan J. Carballo
Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón (Spain).
*Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Irene Caro-Cañizares. Servicio de Psiquiatría del Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz. Avenida Reyes Católicos 2. 28040 Madrid (Spain). E-mail:


Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors are self-injurious behaviors inflicted without intending death. Literature has shown the relationship between stressful life events (SLE) and NSSI behaviors. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-Dysregulation Profile (SDQ-DP) is defined as an index of self-regulatory problems, related to higher risk for suicidal ideation and attempts in adolescents. In this study the relationship between SDQ-DP and NSSI behaviors, mediated by SLE in a clinical sample of children and adolescents is analyzed. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 239 subjects (aged from 11 to 17) to test the mediation model. SDQ-DP significantly correlates with NSSI behaviors (Wald = 6.5477, p = .0105); SDQ-DP significantly correlates with SLE (T = 5.7229, p < .001); SLE significantly correlates NSSI behaviors, and the relation remains significant whilst controlling for SDQ-DP (Wald = 4.1715, p = .041); the relation between SDQ-DP and NSSI behaviors stops being significant whilst controlling for the potential mediator (SLE) (Wald = 2.9951, p = .0835). Study of indirect effect supports the mediation model (.0585 CI [.0016, .1266]). Findings are compatible with the complete mediation scenario. These results point out the importance of self-regulatory problems in coping strategies with regards to SLE and the development of NSSI behaviors.

Research Article
Copyright © Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid 2018 

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How to cite this article:

Caro-Cañizares, I., Díaz de Neira-Hernando, M., Pfang, B., Baca-García, E., & Carballo, J. J. (2018). The strengths and difficulties questionnaire - dysregulation profile, non-suicidal self-injury behaviors and the mediating role of stressful life events. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 21. e22. Doi:10.1017/sjp.2018.23


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