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Explaining Social Discrimination: Racism in Brazil and Xenophobia in Spain

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 August 2013

Leoncio Camino
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal da Paraíba (Brazil)
José Luis Álvaro
Affiliation:
Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain)
Ana Raquel R. Torres
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal da Paraíba (Brazil)
Alicia Garrido
Affiliation:
Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain)
Thiago Morais
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal da Paraíba (Brazil)
Juliana Barbosa
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal da Paraíba (Brazil)
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The present study investigates the arguments used by university students in order to explain social differences between social minorities and majorities. In Brazil, the issues investigated refer to White and Black people. In Spain, the reference is to native Spaniards and Moroccan immigrants. The participants were 144 Brazilians and 93 Spaniards, who answered a questionnaire composed of socio-demographic variables and one open question about the causes of social inequalities between Black and White people in Brazil and between autochthonous Spaniards and Moroccan Immigrants. A model is proposed to integrate the four discursive classes found using ALCESTE software. In Brazil, the strongest argument is based on the historical roots of the exploitation of Black people. In Spain, cultural differences are the main explanation for social inequalities.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid 2013 

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Footnotes

Study financed by Programa Hispano-Brasileño de Cooperación Interuniversitaria (Capes-DGU-HPB2009-0077).

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