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Cross-Cultural Validation of the Basic Psychological Needs in Physical Education Scale between Portugal and Brazil Samples

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 February 2016

Luis Cid*
Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior (ESDRM) (Portugal)
Carla Lettnin
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)
Claus Stobäus
Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)
Diogo Monteiro
Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior (ESDRM) (Portugal)
Tárcia Davoglio
Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)
João Moutão
Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior (ESDRM) (Portugal)
*Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed Luis Cid. Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior (ESDRM-IPSANTAREM) and Centro de Investigação em Desporto, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano (CIDESD). Rio Maior (Portugal). E-mail:


The main propose of this study is the cross-cultural validation of the Basic Psychological Needs in Physical Education Scale among Portugal and Brazil samples, through the study of measurement model invariance. Participated in this study, two independent samples, one with 616 Portuguese students, of the 2nd and 3rd basic grade of public school, aged between 9 and 18 years old and another with 450 Brazilian students, from 1st, 2nd and 3rd middle grade of public and private school, aged between 14 and 18 years old. The results support the suitability of the model (three factors, each one with four items), showing an adequate fit to the data in each sample (Portugal: χ2 = 203.8, p = .001, df = 51, SRMR = .062, NNFI = .926, CFI = .943, RMSEA = .070, RMSEA 90% IC = .060–.080; Brazil: χ2 = 173.7, p = .001, df = 51, SRMR = .052, NNFI = .940, CFI = .954, RMSEA = .073, RMSEA 90% IC = .061–.085), as well valid cross-cultural invariance among Portuguese e Brazilian samples (CFI ≤ .01). Those findings allow us to conclude that scale can be used to measure the basic psychological needs in physical education in Portugal and in Brazil.

Research Article
Copyright © Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid 2016 

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