Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-544b6db54f-s4m2s Total loading time: 0.305 Render date: 2021-10-21T12:59:29.249Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Adaptation of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire in a Spanish Sample of Athletes

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 January 2013

Constantino Arce*
Affiliation:
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)
Cristina De Francisco
Affiliation:
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)
Elena Andrade
Affiliation:
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)
Gloria Seoane
Affiliation:
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)
Thomas Raedeke
Affiliation:
East Carolina University (USA)
*
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Constantino Arce. Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain). Phone +34-881813795. E-mail: constantino.arce@usc.es

Abstract

In this paper, we offer a general version of the Spanish adaptation of Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) designed to measure the syndrome of burnout in athletes of different sports. In previous works, the Spanish version of ABQ was administered to different samples of soccer players. Its psychometric properties were appropriate and similar to the findings in original ABQ. The purpose of this study was to examine the generalization to others sports of the Spanish adaptation. We started from this adaptation, but we included three alternative statements (one for each dimension of the questionnaire), and we replaced the word “soccer” with the word “sport”. An 18-item version was administered to a sample of 487 athletes aged 13 and 29 years old. Confirmatory factor analyses replicated the factor structure, but two items modification were necessary in order to obtain a good overall fit of the model. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the questionnaire were satisfactory.

En el presente estudio se ofrece una versión genérica de la adaptación española del Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) para medir el síndrome de burnout en diversas modalidades deportivas. En investigaciones anteriores, la versión española del ABQ fue aplicada a diferentes muestras de futbolistas españoles, logrando unas propiedades psicométricas adecuadas, similares a las encontradas en el ABQ original. El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en comprobar el grado de generalización a otros deportes de la adaptación española. Se partió de esta adaptación a la que se le añadieron tres ítems con enunciados alternativos (uno para cada dimensión del cuestionario) y se sustituyó la palabra fútbol por deporte. Este cuestionario de 18 ítems fue aplicado a 487 deportistas con un rango de edad entre los 13 y los 29 años. Análisis factoriales confirmatorios replicaron la estructura factorial, pero fueron necesarias dos re-especificaciones para conseguir un buen ajuste. En cuanto a la fiabilidad, se refirieron valores aceptables tanto de consistencia interna como de estabilidad.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2012

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Altahayneh, Z. (2005). The effects of coaches' behaviors and burnout on the satisfaction and burnout of athletes. (Jordan). Dissertation Abstracts International Section A. Humanities and Social Science, 66(5-A), 1689.Google Scholar
Alvarez, D., Ferreira, M. R., & Borim, C. (2006). Validação do Questionário de Burnout para Atletas [Validation of Burnout Questionnaire forAthletes]. Revista da Educação Física/UEM (Maringá), 17, 2736.Google Scholar
Arce, C., De Francisco, C., Andrade, E., Arce, I., & Raedeke, T. (2010). Adaptación española delAthlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) para la medida del burnout en futbolistas [Spanish Adaptation of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) for measuring burnout in footballers]. Psicothema, 22, 250255.Google Scholar
Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107, 238246. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037//0033-2909.107.2.238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bollen, K. A., & Long, J. S. (Eds.). (1993). Testing structural equation models. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In Bollen, K. A. & Long, J. S. (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 136162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Chen, L. H., & Kee, Y. H. (2008). Gratitude and adolescent athletes'well-being. Social Indicators Research, 89, 361373. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-008-9237-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cohn, P. J. (1990). An exploratory study on sources of stress and athlete burnout in youth golf. The Sport Psychologist, 4, 95106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cresswell, S. L., & Eklund, R. C. (2006a). The nature of player burnout in rugby: Key characteristics and attributions. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 18, 219239. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10413200600830299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cresswell, S. L., & Eklund, R. C. (2006b). The convergent and discriminant validity of burnout measures in sport: A multitrait/multi-method analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24, 209220. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640410500131431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dale, J., & Weinberg, R. S. (1990). Burnout in sport: A review and critique. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2, 6783. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10413209008406421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Francisco, C., Arce, C., Andrade, E., Arce, I., & Raedeke, T. (2009). Propiedades psicométricas preliminares de la versión española del Athlete Burnout Questionnaire en una muestra de jóvenes futbolistas [Preliminary psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire in a sample of young footballers]. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 9, 4556.Google Scholar
Eades, A. M. (1990). An investigation of burnout of intercollegiate athletes: The development of the EadesAthlete Burnout Inventory. (Unpublished master's thesis) Universidad de California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
Goodger, K., Gorely, T., Lavallee, D., & Harwood, C. (2007). Burnout in sport: A systematic review. The Sport Psychologist, 21, 127151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gould, D., Tuffey, S., Udry, E., & Loehr, J. (1996). Burnout in competitive junior tennis players II: Qualitative analysis. The Sport Psychologist, 10, 341366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gould, D., Udry, E., Tuffey, S., & Loehr, J. (1996). Burnout in competitive junior tennis players I: A quantitative psychological assessment. The Sport Psychologist, 10, 322340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gustafsson, H., Kenttä, G., Hassmén, P., Lundqvist, C., & Durand-Bush, N. (2007). The process of burnout: A multiple case study of three elite endurance athletes. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 38, 388416.Google Scholar
Isoard-Gautheur, S., Oger, M., Guillet, M., & Martin-Krumm, C. (2010). Validation of a French version of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ): In competitive sport and physical education context. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 26, 203211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8. Structural Equation Modeling with the SIMPLIS Command Language. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA.Google Scholar
Lemyre, P.-N., Hall, H. K., & Roberts, G. C. (2008). A social cognitive approach to burnout in elite athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 18, 221234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2007.00671.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lemyre, P.-N., Roberts, G. C., & Stray-Gundersen, J. (2007). Motivation, overtraining, and burnout: Can self-determinated motivation predict overtraining and burnout in elite athletes? European Journal of Sport Science, 7, 388416. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461390701302607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K. J., & Jackson, S. A. (2007). Athlete engagement II: Development and initial validation of the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 38, 471492.Google Scholar
Lu, J. H., Chen, L. H., & Cho, K. H. (2006). Revision of Raedeke and Smith's Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ): Analyses of validity and reliability of Chinese version. Physical Education Journal, 39, 8394.Google Scholar
Pedrosa, I., Suárez, J., Pérez, B., & García-Cueto, E. (2011). Adaptación preliminar al castellano del Athlete Burnout Questionnaire en futbolistas [Preliminary adaptation into Spanish of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire in footballers]. Revista Electrónica de Metodología Aplicada, 16, 3549.Google Scholar
Perreault, S., Gaudreau, P., Lapointe, M. -C., & Lacroix, C. (2007). Does it take three to tango? Psychological need satisfaction and athlete burnout. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 38, 437450.Google Scholar
Raedeke, T. D. (1997). Is athlete burnout more than just stress? A sport commitment perspective. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 19, 396417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raedeke, T. D., Lunney, K., & Venables, K. (2002). Understanding athlete burnout: Coach perspectives. Journal of Sport Behavior, 25, 181206.Google Scholar
Raedeke, T. D., & Smith, A. L. (2001). Development and preliminary validation of an athlete burnout measure. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 23, 281306.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Raedeke, T. D., & Smith, A. L. (2004). Coping resources and athlete burnout: An examination of stress mediated and moderation hypotheses. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 26, 525541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raedeke, T. D., & Smith, A. L. (2009) The Athlete Burnout Questionnaire Manual. Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology.Google Scholar
Silva, J. M. (1990). An analysis of the training stress syndrome in competitive athletics. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2, 520. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10413209008406417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tucker, L. R., & Lewis, C. (1973). A reliability coefficient for maximum likelihood factors analysis. Psychometrika, 38, 110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02291170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ziemainz, H., Abu-Omar, K., Raedeke, T., & Krause, K. (2004). Burnout im Sport. Zur Praevalenz von burnout aus bedingungsbezogener Perspektive [Burnout in sports: About the prevalence of burnout from a condition-related perspective]. Leistungssport (Muenster) 34, 1217.Google Scholar
22
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Adaptation of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire in a Spanish Sample of Athletes
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Adaptation of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire in a Spanish Sample of Athletes
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Adaptation of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire in a Spanish Sample of Athletes
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *