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DESIGUALDAD REGIONAL EN CASTILLA EN EL SIGLO XVIII

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 March 2022

María Del Mar López Pérez
Affiliation:
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
Ángel Tejada Ponce
Affiliation:
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
María Pilar Sánchez González
Affiliation:
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha

Resumen

Este trabajo presenta un análisis de la desigualdad regional en Castilla en la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII, a partir del estudio del consumo per cápita provincial calculado con las recaudaciones de dos rentas que supusieron los mayores ingresos fiscales del estado: alcabalas y cientos. La desigualdad regional presentó unos niveles reducidos y constantes durante la segunda mitad del siglo, analizando la productividad del trabajo, no encontrando elementos que alterasen significativamente la diferencia entre regiones. Asimismo, podemos señalar que se advierten las dificultades relacionadas con el sector agrario, con limitaciones a la producción y bajos rendimientos. Esas dificultades trataron de minimizarse con actuaciones reformistas que, no obstante, no tuvieron un claro impacto sobre la desigualdad, que permaneció homogénea.

Abstract

ABSTRACT

This paper presents an analysis of regional inequality in Spain (Castile) in the second half of the eighteenth century, based on the study of provincial per capita consumption calculated with the collections of two rents that represented the largest tax revenues of the state in this period: alcabalas and cientos. Regional inequality presented reduced and constant levels during the second half of the century, analyzing labor productivity, finding no elements that significantly altered the difference between regions. We can also point out the difficulties related to the agricultural sector, with production limitations and low yields. These difficulties tried to be minimized with reformist actions which, however, did not have a clear impact on inequality, which remained homogeneous throughout the period.

JEL classification

Type
Articles/Artículos
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Instituto Figuerola, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

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Footnotes

a

Departamento de Economía Española e Internacional, Econometría e Historia e Instituciones. Mar.Lopez@uclm.es

b

Departamento de Administración de Empresas. angel.tejada@uclm.es

c

Departamento de Administración de Empresas. MPilar.Sanchez@uclm.es

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