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Recent Socialist Thought in India

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 August 2009

Extract

One of the many subjects that await careful research at the hands of students of political thought is a critical evaluation of recent socialist thought in India. In this paper only a few of the significant aspects of the subject can be touched on; it is hoped that this will stimulate detailed work on it.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © University of Notre Dame 1968

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References

1 Rai, Lajpat, The Call to Young India (Madras, 1920), pp. 8385.Google Scholar

2 Nehru, J., Towards Freedom: The Autobiography of (Madras, 1920), pp. 8385.Google Scholar

3 Important Speeches and Writings of Subhas Bose ed. by Bright, J. S., (Lahore, 1947), pp. 102–4.Google Scholar

4 Ibid.

5 Harijan, , 07 13, 1947, p. 232.Google Scholar

6 Socialism, Sarvodaya and Democracy: Selecsted Works of Jayaprakash Narayan. Ed. by Prasad, Bimla, (Bombay, 1964), pp. 132and 134–39.Google Scholar

7 Karanjia, R. K., The Mind of Mr. Nehru: An Interview (London, 1960), p. 57.Google Scholar

8 Young India, 11 21, 1929, p. 384.Google Scholar

9 Nehru, J., Toward Freedom, p. 314–26.Google Scholar

10 My italics.

11 Jawaharlal Nehru's Speeches, Vol. I, (2nd, Delhi, The Publications Division, Government of India, 1958), 140–43.Google Scholar

12 Jawaharlal Nehru's Speeches, 1949–1953, (2nd Impression, Delhi, The Publications Division, 1957), 1318.Google Scholar

13 My italics.

14 Karanjia, R. K., The Mind of Mr. Nehru, p. 57..Google Scholar

15 This analysis of Narayan's, J. P. ideas is based on his latest thinking on the subject presented in From Socialism to Sarvodaya (Second: Kashi, 1959Google Scholar). Students of Indian politics are aware that there has been an evolution in J. P. Narayan's thinking: from being a Marxist, he came to believe in democratic socialism (he was Secretary of the Congress Socialist Party founded in 1934 and later a member of the Praja Socialist Party). In October, 1957, he addressed a letter to his “Colleagues of the Praja Socialist Party and to the public generally” explaining why he had decided to withdraw from party politics and also giving the evolution of his own social philosophy. From Socialism to Sarvodaya is the text of this letter and the statement of his own social philosophy: democratic socialism as founded on a centralized democratic State to usher in and maintain socialism as a way of life is inadequate to achieve freedom and equality which are the essentials of a just social order.

16 Narayan, Jayaprakash, From Socialism to Sarvodaya, (Kashi, 1959), p. 32.Google Scholar

17 Ibid., p. 39.

18 See “Reconstruction of Indian Policy” in Socialism, Sarvodaya and Democracy: Selected Works of Jayaprakash Narayan edited by Prasad, Bimla, (Bombay, 1964).Google Scholar

19 Socialism, Sarvodaya and Democracy, pp. 100–18.Google Scholar

20 Lohia, Rammanohar, Marx, Gandhi and Socialism, (Hyderabad, 1953), pp. 320–49.Google Scholar

21 Ibid.

22 Huxley, Aldous, Science, Liberty and Peace, (London, 1947), p. 22.Google Scholar

23 Narayan, J. P., From Socialism to Sarvodaya, 42.Google Scholar

24 Lohia, Rammanohar, Marx, Gandhi and Socialism, p. 320–49.Google Scholar

25 Satyam Eva Jayate: A Collection of Articles contributed to Swarajya and Othe Journals from 1956 to 1961 by Rajagopalachari, C., (Madras, 1961), Vol. I, 464–67.Google Scholar; Satyam Eva Jayate: A Collection of Articles contributed to Swarajya and Othe Journals from 1956 to 1961 by Rajagopalachari, C., (Madras, 1961), Vol. II, 792–94.Google Scholar

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