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Calculating the consequences of recovery, a European model for inhabited areas

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 June 2009

T. W. Charnock
Affiliation:
Health Protection Agency, Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards, OX11 0RQ Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, UK
J. A. Jones
Affiliation:
Health Protection Agency, Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards, OX11 0RQ Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, UK
L. N. Singer
Affiliation:
Health Protection Agency, Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards, OX11 0RQ Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, UK
K. G. Andersson
Affiliation:
Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, PO Box 49, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
J. Roed
Affiliation:
Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, PO Box 49, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
Thykier-Nielsen
Affiliation:
Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, PO Box 49, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
T. Mikkelsen
Affiliation:
Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, PO Box 49, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
P. Astrup
Affiliation:
Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, PO Box 49, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
J. C. Kaiser
Affiliation:
Helmholtz-Zentrum Muenchen, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
H. Müller
Affiliation:
Helmholtz-Zentrum Muenchen, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
G. Pröhl
Affiliation:
Helmholtz-Zentrum Muenchen, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
W. Raskob
Affiliation:
Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, IKET, Bau 433, Postfach 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe, Germany
S. C. Hoe
Affiliation:
DEMA – Danish Emergency Management Agency, Datavej 16, 3460 Birkerød, Denmark
L. H. Jacobsen
Affiliation:
PDC – Prolog Development Center, H.J. Holst Vej 3C – 5C, 2605 Brøndby, Denmark
L. Schou-Jensen
Affiliation:
PDC – Prolog Development Center, H.J. Holst Vej 3C – 5C, 2605 Brøndby, Denmark
F. Gering
Affiliation:
Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz - SW 3.2, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764 Oberschleißheim, Germany
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Abstract

The European Model for Inhabited Areas (ERMIN) was developed to allow a user to explore different recovery options following the contamination of an urban environment with radioactive material and to refine an appropriate strategy for the whole region affected. The input data include a description of the environment, initial deposition of radionuclides on to a reference surface and a description of countermeasures. Output information includes the average doses to members of the public from external exposure to gamma and beta radiation from deposited radionuclides and inhalation of resuspended radioactivity, the contamination on urban surfaces, the activity concentration in air from resuspension, the doses to workers undertaking the recovery work, the quantity and activity of waste generated and the cost and work required to implement the countermeasure. ERMIN has been designed to be implemented as a tool that supports the approach of decision-makers and allows the area to be broken down into smaller regions where different conditions prevail and different countermeasure packages are enacted.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© EDP Sciences, 2009

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References

Raskob W., Gering F., Lochard J., Nisbet A.F., Starostova V. and Tomic B., Objectives and achievements in the first three years of the EURANOS project: European Approach to Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Management and Rehabilitation Strategies (These proceedings, 2008).
Ehrhardt J. (Ed.), Migration of RODOS to Practical Applicability (Forschingszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft, Karlesruhe, Germany, FZKA 7015, 2004).
Whitepaper ARGOS CBRN Decision support for emergency management (Prolog development centre, Denmark, available at http://www.pdc.dk/argos/ARGOS_whitepaper.pdf, 2007).
Brown~J., Roberts G., Carter E., French S. and Niculae C., Summary report of the UK workshops held to explore decision analysis of clean-up actions in inhabited areas after an accidental release of radionuclides (EVATECH(WP4)-TN(04)–02, 2004).
Kaiser, J.C. and Pröhl G., Kerntechnik 72/4 (2007) 218–221.
Brown, J., Mortimer K., Andersson K., Duranova T., Mrskova A., Hänninen R., Ikäheimonen T., Kirchner G., Bertsch V., Gallay F., Reales N., Hammond D. and Kwakman P., Generic handbook for assisting in the management of contaminated inhabited areas in Europe following a radiological emergency, parts I-VI (EURANOS(CAT1)-TN(07)-02, 2007).
Jones, J.A., Singer L.N. and Brown J., J. Environ. Radioactiv. 85 (2006) 314–329.
IAEA., Environmental Modelling of Remediation of Urban Contaminated Areas, Environmental Modelling for Radiation Safety Programme (EMRAS), (International Atomic Energy Agency. Vienna. to be published).
Jones, J.A., Charnock T.W., Singer L., Roed J., Andersson K., Thykier-Nielsen S., Mikkelsen T., Astrup P., Kaiser J.C., Müller H., Pröhl G., Raskob W., Hoe S., Jacobsen L.H., Schou Jensen L. and Gering F., Description of the Modelling of Transfer and Dose Calculations within ERMIN v1.0 and associated data libraries (EURANOS(CAT2)-TN(05)-04, 2007).

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