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Assessing emergency situations and their aftermath in urban areas: The EMRAS II Urban Areas Working Group

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 January 2012

K.M. Thiessen
Affiliation:
SENES Oak Ridge, Inc., 102 Donner Drive, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830, USA
K.G. Andersson
Affiliation:
Risø-DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark
V. Berkovskyy
Affiliation:
International Atomic Energy Agency, P.O. Box 100, 1400 Vienna, Austria
T.W. Charnock
Affiliation:
Health Protection Agency, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0RQ, UK
S.L. Chouhan
Affiliation:
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, K0J 1J0 Chalk River, Ontario, Canada
G. de With
Affiliation:
Nuclear Research & Consultancy Group, P.O. Box 9034, 6800 ES Arnhem, The Netherlands
J. Ďúran
Affiliation:
VÚJE Inc., Okruzna 5, 918 64 Trnava, Slovakia
V. Fuka
Affiliation:
Charles University, V. Holesovickah 2, 180 00 Prague 8, Czech Republic
J. Helebrant
Affiliation:
National Radiation Protection Institute, Bartoskova 28, 140 00 Prague 4, Czech Republic
J. Hůlka
Affiliation:
National Radiation Protection Institute, Bartoskova 28, 140 00 Prague 4, Czech Republic
W.T. Hwang
Affiliation:
Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150 Dukjin-Dong, Yusong, 305-600 Daejeon, Republic of Korea
P. Kuča
Affiliation:
National Radiation Protection Institute, Bartoskova 28, 140 00 Prague 4, Czech Republic
F. Mancini
Affiliation:
SOGIN S.p.A., Via Torino 6, 00184 Roma, Italy
E. Navarro
Affiliation:
Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, BP. 17, 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses, Cedex, France
R. Periáñez
Affiliation:
ETSIA, Universidad de Sevilla, Ctra Utrera km 1, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
Z. Prouza
Affiliation:
National Radiation Protection Institute, Bartoskova 28, 140 00 Prague 4, Czech Republic
G. Sdouz
Affiliation:
Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, 2444 Seibersdorf, Austria
J. Tomás
Affiliation:
Centro de Protección e Higiene de las Radiaciones, A.P. 6195, La Habana 10600, Cuba
D. Trifunović
Affiliation:
State Office for Radiological and Nuclear Safety, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
L. Urso
Affiliation:
Helmholtz-Zentrum München GmbH, Postfach 1129, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
H. Walter
Affiliation:
Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz, 85764 Oberschleißheim, Germany
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Abstract

The Urban Areas Working Group is part of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s EMRAS II (Environmental Modelling for Radiation Safety) Programme. The goal of this Working Group is to test and improve the capabilities of models used in assessment of radioactive contamination in urban settings, including dispersion and deposition events, short- and long-term contaminant redistribution following deposition events, and potential countermeasures or remediation efforts for reducing human exposures and doses. The Working Group has developed three modeling exercises, which are designed to permit intercomparison of model predictions and, in one case, comparison of model predictions with measurements. This paper describes the scenarios and provides comparisons of initial modeling results. Reasons for similarities and discrepancies among model predictions are discussed in terms of the modeling approaches, models, and parameter values used by different assessors. Preliminary conclusions emphasize the value of explaining individual approaches and the importance of understanding the effects of different assumptions and parameter values on the modeling results.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2011

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References

International Atomic Energy Agency. In press. Environmental Modelling of Remediation of Urban Contaminated Areas. Report of the Urban Remediation Working Group of the EMRAS (Environmental Modelling for Radiation Safety) programme.
Thiessen, K.M., Batandjieva, B., Andersson, K.G., Arkhipov, A., Charnock, T.W., Gallay, F., Gaschak, S., Golikov, V., Hwang, W.T., Kaiser, J.C., Kamboj, S., Steiner, M., Tomás, J., Trifunovic, D., Yu, C., Zelmer, R., Zlobenko, B. Appl. Radiat. Isot. 66(2008):1741-1744.
Thiessen, K.M., Arkhipov, A., Batandjieva, B., Charnock, T.W., Gaschak, S., Golikov, V., Hwang, W.T., Tomás, J., Zlobenko, B. J. Environ. Radioact. 100(2009):413-421.
Thiessen, K.M., Andersson, K.G., Batandjieva, B., Cheng, J.-J., Hwang, W.T., Kaiser, J.C., Kamboj, S., Steiner, M., Tomás, J., Trifunovic, D., Yu, C. J. Environ. Radioact.100(2009):445-455.
Thiessen, K.M., Andersson, K.G., Charnock, T.W., Gallay, F. J. Environ. Radioact. 100(2009):564-573.
Prouza, Z. Beckova, V., Cespirova, I., Helebrant, J., Hulka, J., Kuca, P., Michalek, V., Rulik, P., Skrkal, J., Hovorka, J. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry. 139(2010):519-531.

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