Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-cjp7w Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-15T16:39:39.116Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Radiocarbon “Wiggles” in Great Lakes Wood at About 10,000 to 12,000 BP

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2016

Steven W Leavitt*
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
Irina P Panyushkina
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
Todd Lange
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
Li Cheng
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
Allan F Schneider
Affiliation:
Retired. Dept. of Geology, University of Wisconsin-Parkside, Kenosha, Wisconsin 53141-2000, USA
John Hughes
Affiliation:
Retired. Dept. of Geography, Earth Science, Conservation, and Planning, Northern Michigan University, Marquette, Michigan 49855, USA
*
Corresponding author. Email: sleavitt@ltrr.arizona.edu
Rights & Permissions [Opens in a new window]

Abstract

Core share and HTML view are not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

High-resolution radiocarbon calibration for the last 14,000 cal yr has been developed in large part using European oaks and pines. Recent subfossil wood collections from the Great Lakes region provide an opportunity to measure 14C activity in decadal series of rings in North America prior to the White Mountains bristlecone record. We developed decadal 14C series from wood at the classic Two Creeks site (∼11,850 BP) in east-central Wisconsin, the Liverpool East site (∼10,250 BP) in northwestern Indiana, and the Gribben Basin site (∼10,000 BP) in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Initial AMS dates on holocellulose produced younger-than-expected ages for most Two Creeks subsamples and for a few samples from the other sites, prompting a systematic comparison of chemical pretreatment using 2 samples from each site, and employing holocellulose, AAA-treated holocellulose, alpha-cellulose, and AAA-treated whole wood. The testing could not definitively reveal the source of error in the original analyses, but the “best” original ages together with new AAA-treated holocellulose and α-cellulose ages were visually fitted to the IntCal04 calibration curve at ages of 13,760–13,530 cal BP for the Two Creeks wood, 12,100–12,020 cal BP for Liverpool East, and 11,300–11,170 cal BP for Gribben Basin. The Liverpool East age falls squarely within the Younger Dryas (YD) period, whereas the Gribben Basin age appears to postdate the YD by ∼300 yr, although high scatter in the decadal Gribben Basin results could accommodate an older age nearer the end of the YD.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

References

Broecker, WS, Farrand, WR. 1963. Radiocarbon age of the Two Creeks Forest Bed, Wisconsin. Geological Society of America Bulletin 74(6):795802.Google Scholar
Friedrich, M, Kromer, B, Spurk, M, Hofmann, J, Kaiser, KF. 1999. Paleo-environment and radiocarbon calibration as derived from Lateglacial/Early Holocene tree-ring chronologies. Quaternary International 61(1):2739.Google Scholar
Goldthwait, JW. 1907. The abandoned shore-lines of eastern Wisconsin. Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 17. 134 p.Google Scholar
Hughes, JD, Merry, WJ. 1978. Marquette buried forest 9850 years old. Paper presented at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting, 12–17 February 1978.Google Scholar
Kaiser, KF. 1994. Two Creeks Interstade dated through dendrochronology and AMS. Quaternary Research 42(3):288–98.Google Scholar
Klein, J, Lerman, JC, Damon, PE, Ralph, EK. 1982. Calibration of radiocarbon dates: tables based on the consensus data of the Workshop on Calibrating the Radiocarbon Time Scale. Radiocarbon 24(2):103–50.Google Scholar
Kromer, B, Spurk, M, Remmele, S, Barbetti, M, Toniello, V. 1998. Segments of atmospheric 14C change as derived from Lateglacial and Early Holocene floating tree-ring series. Radiocarbon 40(1):351–8.Google Scholar
Leavitt, SW, Danzer, SR. 1993. Method for batch processing small wood samples to holocellulose for stable-carbon isotope analysis. Analytical Chemistry 65(1):87–9.Google Scholar
Leavitt, SW, Kalin, RM. 1992. A new tree-ring width, δ13C and 14C investigation of the Two Creeks site. Radiocarbon 34(3):792–7.Google Scholar
Lowell, TV, Larson, GJ, Hughes, JD, Denton, GH. 1999. Age verification of the Lake Gribben forest bed and the Younger Dryas advance of the Laurentide ice sheet. Canadian Journal of Earth Science 36:383–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Panyushkina, I, Leavitt, SW, Lange, T, Schneider, AF. 2005. Tree-ring investigation of an in situ Younger Dryas-age spruce forest in the Great Lakes region of N. America [abstract]. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 86(52):PP13A–1484. Fall meeting supplement.Google Scholar
Pregitzer, KS, Reed, DD, Bornhorst, TJ, Foster, DR, Mroz, GD, McLachlan, JS, Laks, PE, Stokke, DD, Martin, PE, Brown, SE. 2000. A buried spruce forest provides evidence at the stand and landscape scale for the effects of environment on vegetation at the Pleistocene/Holocene boundary. Journal of Ecology 88(1):4553.Google Scholar
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Bertrand, CJH, Blackwell, PG, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Cutler, KB, Damon, PE, Edwards, RL, Fairbanks, RG, Friedrich, M, Guilderson, TP, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kromer, B, McCormac, G, Manning, S, Bronk Ramsey, C, Reimer, RW, Remmele, S, Southon, JR, Stuiver, M, Talamo, S, Taylor, FW, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2004. IntCal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon 46(3):1029–58.Google Scholar
Schneider, AF, Hansel, AK. 1990. Evidence for post-Two Creeks age of the type Calumet shoreline of glacial Lake Chicago. In: Schneider, AF, Fraser, GS, editors. Late quaternary history of the Lake Michigan Basin. Geological Society of America Special Paper 251. Boulder, Colorado, USA: Geological Society of America. p 18.Google Scholar
Sternberg, LSL. 1989. Oxygen and hydrogen isotope measurements in plant cellulose analysis. In: Linskens, HF, Jackson, JF, editors. Plant Fibers (Modern Methods of Plant Analysis Volume 10). New York: Springer-Verlag. p 8999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thwaites, FT, Bertrand, K. 1957. Pleistocene geology of the Door Peninsula. Geological Society of America Bulletin 68(7):831–79.Google Scholar