Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-747cfc64b6-7hjq6 Total loading time: 1.056 Render date: 2021-06-15T20:24:33.995Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Terrestrial Mollusks as Chronological Records in Brazilian Shellmounds

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 May 2017

Kita D Macario
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Radiocarbono, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Maria Cristina Tenório
Affiliation:
Departamento de Antropologia, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Quinta da Boa Vista, s/n, Rio de Janeiro, 20940-40, RJ, Brazil
Eduardo Q Alves
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Radiocarbono, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, University of Oxford, Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QY, United Kingdom
Fabiana M Oliveira
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Radiocarbono, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Ingrid S Chanca
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Radiocarbono, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Bruna Netto
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Radiocarbono, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Carla Carvalho
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Radiocarbono, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil Departamento de Geoquímica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Niterói, 24001-970, RJ, Brazil
Rosa Souza
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Niterói, 24001-970, RJ, Brazil
Orangel Aguilera
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Niterói, 24001-970, RJ, Brazil
Renato B Guimarães
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Difração de Raio-X, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Among other zooarchaeological remains, terrestrial snails’ shells from the Thaumastus and Megalobulimus genera are found in some Brazilian shellmounds, presenting a potential substitute for charcoal in radiocarbon dating analyses, as reliable representatives of the atmospheric carbon isotopic ratio. In this paper, we present statistically similar results of both charcoal and land snails samples from the same archaeological contexts in three settlements on the coast of Rio de Janeiro. The Manitiba I shellmound results range from 4.2 to 3.7 ka cal BP (95.4%), contemporary with the Saquarema shellmound, occupied during the period from 4.3 to 3.6 ka cal BP (95.4%). For the Usiminas shellmound, two groups of samples revealed different periods of time for two occupational layers from 2.3 to 2.1 ka cal BP (95.4%) and from 1.6 and 1.3 ka cal BP (95.4%). A model constraining each group of samples to within a single phase has a general agreement of 97% with only two outliers out of 22 dates, yielding minimum individual agreement of 74% and 7% posterior outlier probability for Saquarema shells. These are good examples of sites in which the occupation chronology can be successfully obtained by the radiocarbon dating of land snails.

Type
Method Development
Copyright
© 2017 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

Footnotes

Selected Papers from the 8th Radiocarbon & Archaeology Symposium, Edinburgh, UK, 27 June–1 July 2016

References

Abbott, RT. 1989. Compendium of Land Shells. Melbourne: American Malacologists. 242 p.Google Scholar
Agudo-Padrón, AI. 2012. Mollusc fauna in the Atlantic Slope region of the Southern Cone of South America: a preliminary biogeographical interpretation. International Journal of Aquaculture 2(4):1520.Google Scholar
Alves, E, Macario, K, Souza, R, Aguilera, O, Goulart, AC, Scheel-Ybert, R, Bachelet, C, Carvalho, C, Oliveira, F, Douka, K. 2015. Marine reservoir corrections on the southeastern coast of Brazil: paired samples from the Saquarema shellmound. Radiocarbon 57(1):19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bandeira, AM. 2013. Ocupações de pescadores–coletores pré-coloniais na ilha de São Luís – MA: uma leitura a partir do Sambaqui do Bacanga. Tarairiú – Revista Eletrônica do Laboratório de Arqueologia e Paleontologia da UEPB 1(6):12.Google Scholar
Barreto, C. 1988. Ocupação do Vale do Ribeira Iguape, São Paulo: os sítios concheiros do Médio Curso [MSc thesis]. Faculdade de Filosofia Letras e Ciências Humanas, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. il. 333 p.Google Scholar
Beltramino, AA. 2013. Distribution of Megalobulimus sanctipauli (Ihering and Pilsbry, 1900) (Gastropoda: Megalobulimidae) in South America. Check List 9(2):469471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bequaert, JC. 1948. Monograph of the Strophocheilidae, a neotropical family of terrestrial mollusks. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 100(1):1210.Google Scholar
Brentano, C, Rosa, AO, Schmitz, P. 2006. Uma abordagem zooarqueológica da fauna do Sítio RS-LC-97. In: A ocupação pré-histórica do litoral meridional do Brasil, Coord. Pedro Ignacio Schmitz. Pesquisas, Série Antropologia, Instituto Anchietano de Pesquisas 63:203–18.Google Scholar
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009a. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51(1):337360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009b. Dealing with outliers and offsets in radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon 51(3):10231045.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carvalho, C, Macario, KD, Oliveira, MI, Oliveira, FM, Chanca, IS, Alves, EQ, Souza, RCCL, Aguilera, O, Douka, K. 2015. Potential use of archaeological snail shells for the calculation of local marine reservoir effect. Radiocarbon 57(3):459467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Colley, E. 2012. Nova espécie de Thaumastus da Floresta Atlântica do Paraná, Brasil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Bulimuloidea). Iheringia . Série Zoologia, Porto Alegre 102(1):4347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Douka, K, Hedges, RE, Higham, TF. 2010. Improved AMS 14C dating of shell carbonates using high-precision X-ray diffraction and a novel density separation protocol (CarDS). Radiocarbon 52(3):735751.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Figuti, L, Plens, CR, DeBlasis, P. 2013. Small sambaquis and big chronologies: shellmound building and hunter-gatherers in Neotropical highlands. Radiocarbon 55(2–3):12151221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fontana, SL. 2007. Radiocarbon chronologies of Holocene lacustrine sediments from the southern coast of Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Radiocarbon 49(1):103116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fontenelle, JH, Cavallari, DC, Simone, LR. 2014. A new species of Megalobulimus (Gastropoda, Strophocheilidae) from Brazilian shell mounds. Strombus 21(1/2):30.Google Scholar
Froyd, CA, Willis, KJ. 2008. Emerging issues in biodiversity & conservation management: the need for a palaeoecological perspective. Quaternary Science Reviews 27:17231732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fürsich, FT. 1995. Approaches to palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. Geobios 18:183195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gaspar, M. 1998. Considerations of the sambaquis of the Brazilian coast. Antiquity 72(277):592615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gaspar, MD, DeBlasis, P, Fish, SK, Fish, P. 2008. Sambaqui (shell mound) societies of coastal Brazil. In: Silverman H, Isbell WH, editors. Handbook of South American Archaeology. Berlin: Springer. p 319335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gaspar, MD, Klokler, D, Bianchini, GF. 2013. Arqueologia estratégica: abordagens para o estudo da totalidade e construção de sítios monticulares. Bol. Mus. Para. Emílio Goeldi 8:517533.Google Scholar
Gernet, MV, Birckolz, CJ. 2011. Fauna malacológica em dois sambaquis do litoral do estado do Paraná. Brasil. Biotemas (UFSC) 24:3949.Google Scholar
Goodfriend, GA, Ellis, GL, Toolin, LJ. 1999. Radiocarbon age anomalies in land snail shells from Texas: ontogenetic, individual, and geographic patterns of variation. Radiocarbon 41(2):149156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goodfriend, GA, Stipp, JJ. 1983. Limestone and the problem of radiocarbon dating of land-snail shell carbonate. Geology 11:575577.2.0.CO;2>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guimarães, MB. 2007. A ocupação pré-colonial da região dos Lagos, RJ: sistema de assentamento e relações intersocietais entre grupos sambaquianos e grupos ceramistas Tupinambá e de tradição Una [PhD thesis]. São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo.Google Scholar
Guimarães, MB. 2013. Fishing strategies among prehistoric populations at Saquarema Lagoonal Complex, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Anais Academia Brasileira de Ciências 85(1):415429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hadler, P, Dias, AS, Bauermann, SG. 2013. Multidisciplinary studies of Southern Brazil Holocene: archaeological, palynological and paleontological data. Quaternary International 305:119126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hogg, AG, Hua, Q, Blackwell, PG, Niu, M, Buck, CE, Guilderson, TP, Heaton, TJ, Palmer, JG, Reimer, PJ, Reimer, RW, Turney, CSM, Zimmerman, SRH. 2013. SHCal13 Southern Hemisphere calibration, 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55(4):18891903.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hua, Q, Barbetti, M, Rakowski, AZ. 2013. Atmospheric radiocarbon for the period 1950–2010. Radiocarbon 55(4):20592072.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jansen, DC, Cavalcanti, LF, Lamblém, HS. 2012. Mapa de potencialidade de ocorrência de cavernas no Brasil, na escala de 1:2.500.000. Revista Brasileira de Espeleologia 1(2):4257.Google Scholar
Klokler, D. 2008. Food for body and soul: mortuary ritual in shell mounds (Laguna – Brazil) [PhD dissertation]. Department of Anthropology. University of Arizona, Tucson.Google Scholar
Klokler, D, Villagrán, XS, Giannini, PCF, Peixoto, S, Deblasis, P. 2010. Juntos na costa: zooarqueologia e geoarqueologia de sambaquis do litoral sul Catarinense. Revista do Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia de São Paulo 20:5375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kneip, LM. 1995. O sambaqui de Saquarema, RJ.: estrutura e estratigrafia. Documento de Trabalho Série Arqueologia, Rio de Janeiro 3:3952.Google Scholar
Kneip, LM. 1998. Os Pescadores, Coletores e Caçadores Pré-Históricos da área Arqueológica de Saquarema, RJ. Jotutt. of. Anteric. Archaeol., Revue d’Archéol. Anúric l5l:5773.Google Scholar
Kneip, LM. 2001. O sambaqui de Manitiba I e outros sambaquis de Saquarema, RJ. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Documento de Trabalho, Série Arqueologia 5.Google Scholar
Kneip, LM, Machado, L C. 1993. Os ritos funerários das populações Pré-históricas de Saquarema, RJ: Sambaquis da Beirada, Moa e Pontinha. Documento de Trabalho. Série Arqueologia. Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
Leme, JLM. 1975. A fauna malacológica do material recolhido pela missão arqueológica franco-brasileira em lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais. Arquivos do Museu Nacional 55:174.Google Scholar
Lindbladh, M, Brunet, J, Hannon, G, Niklasson, M, Eliasson, P, Eriksson, G, Ekstrand, A. 2007. Forest history as a basis for ecosystem restoration: a multidisciplinary case study in a south Swedish temperate landscape. Restoration Ecology 15:284295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lopes, MS, Bertucci, TC, Rapagnã, L, de Almeida Tubino, R, Monteiro-Neto, C, Tomas, AR, Tenório, MC, Lima, T, Souza, R, Carrillo-Briceño, JD, Haimovici, M., Macario, K., Carvalho, C., Aguilera, O. 2016. The Path towards Endangered Species: Prehistoric Fisheries in Southeastern Brazil. PloS one 11(6):e0154476.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Macario, KD, Gomes, PRS, Anjos, RM, Carvalho, C, Linares, R, Alves, EQ, Oliveira, FM, Castro, MD, Chanca, IS, Silveira, MFM, Pessenda, LCR, Moraes, LMB, Campos, TB, Cherkinsky, A. 2013. The Brazilian AMS Radiocarbon Laboratory (LAC-UFF) and the intercomparison of results with CENA and UGAMS. Radiocarbon 55(2):325330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Macario, KD, Oliveira, FM, Carvalho, C, Santos, G M, Xu, X, Chanca, IS, Eduardo, Q Alves, Jou, RM, Oliveira, MI, Pereira, BB, Moreira, V, Muniz, MC, Linares, R, Gomes, PRS, Anjos, RM, Castro, MD, Anjos, L, Marques, AN, Rodrigues, LF. 2015. Advances in the graphitization protocol at the Radiocarbon Laboratory of the Universidade Federal Fluminense (LAC-UFF) in Brazil. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 361:402405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Macario, KD, Alves, EQ, Carvalho, C, Oliveira, FM, Ramsey, CB, Chivall, D, Souza, R, Simone, LRL, Cavallari, DC. 2016a. The use of the terrestrial snails of the genera Megalobulimus and Thaumastus as representatives of the atmospheric carbon reservoir. Nature Publishing Group . Scientific Reports 6:27395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Macario, KD, Alves, EQ, Chanca, IS, Oliveira, FM, Carvalho, C, Souza, R, Aguilera, O, Tenório, MC, Rapagnã, LC, Douka, K, Silva, E. 2016b. The Usiminas shellmound on the Cabo Frio Island: marine reservoir effect in an upwelling region on the coast of Brazil. Quaternary Geochronology 35:3642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mächtle, B, Unkel, I, Eitel, B, Kromer, B, Schiegl, S. 2010. Molluscs as evidence for a late Pleistocene and early Holocene humid period in the southern coastal desert of Peru (14.5 S). Quaternary Research 73(1):3947.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Magalhães, RMM, Curvelo, MA, Mello, EMB. 2001. A fauna na alimentação. In: O Sambaqui de Manitiba I e outros Sambaquis de Saquarema RJ, editors. Documento de Trabalho, Série Arqueologia, Museu Nacional/UFRJ 5: 55–69.Google Scholar
Magalhães, J, Mezzalira, S. 1953. Moluscos fósseis do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Instituto Nacional do Livro. Dep. Imprensa Nacional 287.Google Scholar
Mascarenhas, IP. 2008. Barramentos naturais no Vale do Rio Peruaçu: conseqüências ecológicas e ambientais de eventos pretéritos e futuros [MSc thesis]. Universidade Federal de Lavras.Google Scholar
McFadgen, B. 1982. Dating New Zealand archaeology by radiocarbon. New Zealand Journal of Science 25:379392.Google Scholar
Mello, B, Coelho, ACS. 1989. Moluscos encontrados no Sambaqui de Camboinhas, Itaipu, Niterói, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro 84(4):377380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miranda, MS, Fontenelle, JH. 2015. Population dynamics of Megalobulimus paranaguensis (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in the southeast coast of Brazil. Zoologia (Curitiba) 32(6):463468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moreira, NS, Araujo, A, Confalonieri, U, Ferreira, L, Prous, A. 1991. Os restos de invertebrados encontrados durante as escavações do abrigo de Santana do Riacho. Arquivos do Museu de História Natural 12:155168.Google Scholar
Morretes, FL. 1952. Novas espécies brasileiras da família Strophocheilidae. Department de Zoologia da Secretaria da Agricultura. Arquivos de Zoologia de São Paulo 8(4):109128.Google Scholar
Neves, WA, Okumura, MM. 2005. Afinidades biológicas de grupos pré-históricos do vale do rio Ribeira de Iguape (SP): uma análise preliminar. Rev. Antropol 48(2):525558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Okumura, MM, Eggers, S. 2008. Natural and cultural formation processes on the archaeological record: a case study regarding skeletal remains from a Brazilian shellmound. In: Suárez AR, Vásquez MN, editors. Archaeology Research Trends. New York: Nova Science Publishers. p 139.Google Scholar
Peixoto, SA. 2008. Pequenos aos montes: uma análise dos processos de formação dos sambaquis de pequeno porte do litoral sul de Santa Catarina [dissertação de Mestrado]. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
Pigati, JS. 2015. Radiocarbon dating of terrestrial carbonates. Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods. 680685.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pigati, J, Rech, J, Nekola, J. 2010. Radiocarbon dating of small terrestrial gastropod shells in North America. Quaternary Geochronology 5:519532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prous, A. 1986. Os moluscos e a arqueologia brasileira. Arquivos do Museu de História Natural 11:241298.Google Scholar
Prous, A. 1991. Arqueologia Brasileira. Brasília: UnB. 605 p.Google Scholar
Quarta, G, Romaniello, L, D’Elia, M, Mastronuzzi, G, Calcagnile, L. 2007. Radiocarbon age anomalies in pre- and post-bomb land snails from the coastal Mediterranean basin. Radiocarbon 49(2):817826.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ramos, M Jr. 2014. Pescando, capturando ou coletando?: interpretação zooestratigráfica de um sambaqui com terra preta na baia de Paranaguá, Paraná [MSc thesis]. Universidade federal do Paraná, UFPR, Brazil.Google Scholar
Rogge, JH. 2006. Sítios arqueológicos estudados no litoral central. In: A ocupação pré-histórica do litoral meridional do Brasil, Coord. Pedro Ignacio Schmitz. Pesquisas, Série Antropologia, Instituto Anchietano de Pesquisas 63:173–8.Google Scholar
Roksandic, M, de Souza, SM, Eggers, S, Burchell, M, Klokler, D. 2014. The Cultural Dynamics of Shell-Matrix Sites. University of New Mexico Press.Google Scholar
Rosa, AO. 2006. Composição e diversidade da arqueofauna dos sítios de Içara: SC-IÇ01 e SC-IC-06. Pesquisas. Antropologia 63:3354.Google Scholar
Scheel-Ybert, R, Klökler, D, Gaspar, MD, Figuti, L. 2006. Proposta de amostragem padronizada para macro-vestígios bioarqueológicos: antracologia, arqueobotânica, zooarqueologia. Revista do Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia 15–16:139163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scheel-Ybert, R, Afonso, MC, Barbosa-Guimarães, M, Gaspar, MD, Ybert, JP. 2009. Considerações sobre o papel dos sambaquis como indicadores do nível do mar. Quaternary and Environmental Geosciences 1(1):39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Silva, GOS, Rosa, AO. 2006. Restos faunísticos do sítio RS-LC-82: uma pequena amostra. Pesquisas. Antropologia 63:219222.Google Scholar
Simone, LRL, Mezzalira, S. 1994. Fossil molluscs of Brazil. Boletim do. Instituto Geológico, São Paulo, p 1202.Google ScholarPubMed
Solá, MEC, Jokl, L. 1978. Estudo do valor nutritivo dos Strophocheilidae – composição química. Arquivos do Museu Nacional de História Natural e Jardim Botânico 3:173178.Google Scholar
Souza, RCCL, Lima, TA, Silva, EP. 2010. Holocene molluscs from Rio de Janeiro State coast, Brazil. Check List 6:301308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Strauss, A. 2016. The burial patterns in the archaeological site of Lapa do Santo (early Holocene, east-central Brazil). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi . Ciências Humanas 11(1):243276.Google Scholar
Stuiver, M, Pearson, GW, Braziunas, T. 1986. Radiocarbon age calibration of marine samples back to 9000 cal yr BP. Radiocarbon 28(2B):9801021.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tamers, MA. 1970. Validity of radiocarbon dates on terrestrial snail shells. American Antiquity 35(1):94100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Teixeira, DR. 2006. Arqueofauna do Sítio SC-IÇ-06. In: Ignacio Schmitz P, editor. A ocupação pré-histórica do litoral meridional do Brasil. Pesquisas, Série Antropologia, Instituto Anchietano de Pesquisas 63:17–32.Google Scholar
Tenório, MC. 2007. Sítio Condomínio do Atalaia: um estudo de caso para entender porque os construores de sambaquis acumulavam alimentos. Anais do XII Congresso da Sociedade de Arqueologia Brasileira, Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
Tenório, MC, Afonso, MC, Pinto, DC. 2010. Arqueologia do Arraial do Cabo - com foco nos sítios da Ilha do Cabo Frio. Revista do Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia 20:127145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Théry-Parisot, I, Chabal, L, Chrzavzez, J. 2010. Anthracology and taphonomy, from wood gathering to charcoal analysis. A review of the taphonomic processes modifying charcoal assemblages, in archaeological contexts. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 291(1):142153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Unkel, I, Kadereit, A, Mächtle, B, Eitel, B, Kromer, B, Wagner, G, Wacker, L. 2007. Dating methods and geomorphic evidence of palaeoenvironmental changes at the eastern margin of the South Peruvian coastal desert (14°30′S) before and during the Little Ice Age. Quaternary International 175(1):328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yates, TJS. 1986. Studies of non-marine mollusks for the selection of shell samples for radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon 28(2A):457463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhou, W, Head, MJ, Wang, F, Donahue, DJ, Jull, AJT. 1999. The reliability of AMS radiocarbon dating of shells from China. Radiocarbon 41(1):1724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
3
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Terrestrial Mollusks as Chronological Records in Brazilian Shellmounds
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Terrestrial Mollusks as Chronological Records in Brazilian Shellmounds
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Terrestrial Mollusks as Chronological Records in Brazilian Shellmounds
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *