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Potential Use of Archaeological Snail Shells for the Calculation of Local Marine Reservoir Effect

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2016

Carla Carvalho
Affiliation:
Departamento de Geoquímica, Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Niterói, 24020-141, RJ, Brazil
Kita Macario
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. General Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Maria Isabela De Oliveira
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. General Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Fabiana Oliveira
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. General Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Ingrid Chanca
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. General Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Eduardo Alves
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. General Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Rosa Souza
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Niterói, 24020-141, RJ, Brazil
Orangel Aguilera
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Niterói, 24020-141, RJ, Brazil
Katerina Douka
Affiliation:
Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, University of Oxford, Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1, UK
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Shellmounds are archaeological sites found across the Brazilian coast and form an important record of the human occupation of this area during the Holocene. The presence of both terrestrial and marine remains within the same archaeological context enables the comparison of different carbon reservoirs. There is only a small number of similar studies for the coast of south-southeastern Brazil. Previous work was based on the analysis of pre-bomb shells from museum collections and paired charcoal/marine shells from archaeological sites. This article assesses the potential use of terrestrial shells as representative of atmospheric carbon reservoir in the calculation of the marine reservoir effect (MRE) of the southeastern Brazilian coast. The presence of both terrestrial and marine shells over several archaeological layers represents a great potential for calculating reservoir corrections and their temporal variation.

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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

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