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Marine Reservoir Corrections on the Southeastern Coast of Brazil: Paired Samples from the Saquarema Shellmound

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 February 2016

Eduardo Alves
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Radiocarbono, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, S/N, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, United Kingdom Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Outeiro São João Batista, S/N, Niterói, 24001-970, RJ, Brazil
Kita Macario
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Radiocarbono, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, S/N, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Rosa Souza
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Outeiro São João Batista, S/N, Niterói, 24001-970, RJ, Brazil
Orangel Aguilera
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Outeiro São João Batista, S/N, Niterói, 24001-970, RJ, Brazil
Ana Carolina Goulart
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Radiocarbono, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, S/N, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Rita Scheel-Ybert
Affiliation:
Departamento de Antropologia, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Quinta da Boa Vista S/N, Rio de Janeiro, 20940-040, RJ, Brazil
Caroline Bachelet
Affiliation:
Departamento de Antropologia, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Quinta da Boa Vista S/N, Rio de Janeiro, 20940-040, RJ, Brazil
Carla Carvalho
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Radiocarbono, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, S/N, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil Departamento de Geoquímica, Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Outeiro São João Batista, S/N, Niterói, 24001-970, RJ, Brazil
Fabiana Oliveira
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Radiocarbono, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense. Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, S/N, Niterói, 24210-346, RJ, Brazil
Katerina Douka
Affiliation:
Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, United Kingdom
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The Saquarema archaeological site, on the Atlantic coast of the Rio de Janeiro State, is one of many shellmounds built on the Brazilian coast by hunter-gatherer populations during the Holocene. We used archaeological material from this site with the aim of evaluating the marine reservoir effect (MRE) in the region. Radiocarbon ages of 45 marine and 6 terrestrial samples from this shellmound provided data for assessing the MRE and the influences of freshwater and seasonal coastal marine upwelling in this specific locality. Samples of charcoal, fish otoliths, and mollusk shells were analyzed and the 14C dates were modeled in the OxCal platform to determine the marine reservoir correction. The result obtained is R = 265 ± 70 14C yr and the offset ΔR was found to be –140 ± 66 14C yr. To support the accuracy of this value for correcting conventional 14C marine ages, taxonomic analyses of the samples were performed.

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Copyright © 2015 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

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