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Chronological Model of a Brazilian Holocene Shellmound (Sambaqui da Tarioba, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2016

K D Macario*
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346 RJ, Brazil
R C C L Souza
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Genética Marinha e Evolução, Instituto de Biologia, Depto. de Biologia Marinha, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Niterói, 24001-970 RJ, Brazil
D C Trindade
Affiliation:
Instituto Brasileiro de Pesquisas Arqueológicas, Rua Marques de Leão, 53 Engenho Novo, 20780-140, Rio de Janeiro, 20785-060 RJ, Brazil
J Decco
Affiliation:
Instituto Brasileiro de Pesquisas Arqueológicas, Rua Marques de Leão, 53 Engenho Novo, 20780-140, Rio de Janeiro, 20785-060 RJ, Brazil
T A Lima
Affiliation:
Departamento de Antropologia, Museu Nacional Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Quinta da Boa Vista s/n, Sao Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, 20940-40 RJ, Brazil
O A Aguilera
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Instituto de Biologia, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, 24001-970 RJ, Brazil
A N Marques
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Instituto de Biologia, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, 24001-970 RJ, Brazil
E Q Alves
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346 RJ, Brazil
F M Oliveira
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346 RJ, Brazil
I S Chanca
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346 RJ, Brazil
C Carvalho
Affiliation:
Departamento de Geoquímica, Instituto de Química, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, 24001-970 RJ, Brazil
R M Anjos
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, Niterói, 24210-346 RJ, Brazil
F C Pamplona
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Instituto de Biologia, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, 24001-970 RJ, Brazil
E P Silva
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Genética Marinha e Evolução, Instituto de Biologia, Depto. de Biologia Marinha, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n, Niterói, 24001-970 RJ, Brazil
*
7. Corresponding author. Email: kitamacario@gmail.com.

Abstract

Since the beginning of the Holocene, hunter-gatherers have occupied the central-south Brazilian coast, as it was a very productive estuarine environment. Living as fishers and mollusk gatherers, they built prehistoric shellmounds, known as sambaqui, up to 30 m high, which can still be found today from the Espírito Santo (21°S) to Rio Grande do Sul (32°S) states, constituting an important testimony of paleodiversity and Brazilian prehistory. The chronology of the Sambaqui da Tarioba, situated in Rio das Ostras, Rio de Janeiro, is discussed herein. Selected well-preserved shells of Iphigenia brasiliana and charcoal from fireplaces in sequential layers were used for radiocarbon dating analysis. Based on a statistical model developed using OxCal software, the results indicate that the settlement occupation begun most probably around 3800 cal BP and lasted for up to 5 centuries.

Type
Chronology
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

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