Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-747cfc64b6-xl4lj Total loading time: 0.233 Render date: 2021-06-13T12:41:04.464Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

14C-AMS IN MEXICO AND PRE-COLUMBIAN ARCHAEOLOGY

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 December 2020

C Solís
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Ave. Universidad 3000, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
M Rodríguez-Ceja
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Ave. Universidad 3000, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
E Chávez-Lomelí
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Ave. Universidad 3000, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
A Alcántara
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Ave. Universidad 3000, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico Dirección de Estudios Históricos, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), Ignacio Allende 172, 14000 Mexico City, Mexico
J Gazzola
Affiliation:
Dirección de Estudios Arqueológicos (INAH), Calle Lic. Verdad 3, 06060 Mexico City, Mexico
J Balcells
Affiliation:
Specialist in Mayan archaeology, formerly at INAH Chiapas, Mexico
J C Jimenez
Affiliation:
Dirección de Antropología Física, Museo Nacional de Antropología, Reforma y Gandhi S/N, Polanco, 11560 Mexico City, Mexico
Y de la Rosa
Affiliation:
Centro INAH Coahuila, Coahuila, México
M A Martínez-Carrillo
Affiliation:
Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito de la Investigación Científica S/N, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The complex geographical scenario of Mexico allowed the cultural diversification and development of multiple cultures such as Tolteca, Teotihuacan, Mexica, and Maya, among others. Despite this rich cultural heritage, radiometric dating of Mexican cultural samples with radiocarbon (14C) began only in the 1980s and with accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) in 2013. Analysis of 14C with AMS is the most widely used technique to date archaeological objects and cultural heritage. Since 2013, the Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Laboratory (LEMA) facility of the Institute of Physics at UNAM (IF-UNAM) has supported archaeological research in Mexico, but also investigation in other areas such as geology, physics, chemistry, and environmental sciences through the analysis of 14C, 10Be, 26Al, 129I, and Pu. The absolute dating with 14C continues to be the core of LEMA’s work, where different geographical scenarios of the country and climatic conditions present very diverse analytical challenges. This work presents a basic description of the AMS system of the LEMA laboratory and describes some applications that are currently being developed.

Type
Conference Paper
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press for the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

Footnotes

Selected Papers from the 1st Latin American Radiocarbon Conference, Rio de Janeiro, 29 Jul.–2 Aug. 2019

References

Balcells, J, Solís, C, Rodríguez-Ceja, M. 2019. Datación por análisis de 14C: la fecha más antigua de Palenque y otros datos arqueológicos tempranos. Escribas. https://revistaescribas.com.mx/?p=946.Google Scholar
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51(1):337360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2017. Methods for summarizing radiocarbon datasets. Radiocarbon 59(2):18091833.Google Scholar
Couoh Hernández, LR, Cuevas García, M. 2015. La tumba real del Templo XVIII-A de Palenque, Chiapas. Arqueología Mexicana 23(134):8085.Google Scholar
Gazzola, J. 2017. Reappraising architectural processes at the Ciudadela through recent evidences. Teotihuacan: city of water, city of fire. In: Rob, M, editor. San Francisco: Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco and University of California Press. p. 3846.Google Scholar
Gómez Chávez, S. 2017. The underworld at Teotihuacan: the sacred cave under the Feathered Serpent Pyramid. In: Rob, M, editor. Teotihuacan: city of water, city of fire. San Francisco: Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco and University of California Press. p. 4855.Google Scholar
Gómez Chávez, S, Gazzola, J. 2015. Una posible cancha de juego de pelota en el área de la Ciudadela, Teotihuacan. Anales de Antropología 49(1):113133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Longin, R. 1971. New method of collagen extraction for radiocarbon dating. Nature 230(5291):241242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morales, F. 2005. Análisis de 14C por espectrometría de masas con aceleradores. Desarrollo de una línea de vacío para la preparación de muestras. Tesis de Licenciatura en Física, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM.Google Scholar
Němec, M, Wacker, L, Hajdas, I, Gäggeler, H. 2010. Alternative methods for cellulose preparation for AMS measurement. Radiocarbon 52(2–3):13581370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reimer, PJ, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Blackwell, PG, Ramsey, CB, Grootes, PM, Guilderson, TP, Haflidason, H, Hajdas, I, et al. 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55(4):18691887.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Solís, C, Chávez-Lomelí, E, Ortiz, ME, Huerta, A, Andrade, E, Barrios, E. 2014. A new AMS facility in Mexico. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 331:233–227.Google Scholar
Solís, C, Pérez-Andrade, G, Rodríguez-Ceja, M, Solís-Meza, E, Méndez, T, Chávez-Lomelí, E, Martínez-Carrillo, MA, Mondragón, MA. 2017. AMS 14C dating of bones from archaeological sites in Mexico. Radiocarbon 59(6):19451954.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, WW. 1956. Some implications of the carbon-14 dates from a cave in Coahuila, Mexico. Bulletin of the Texas Archaeological Society 27:20152234.Google Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

14C-AMS IN MEXICO AND PRE-COLUMBIAN ARCHAEOLOGY
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

14C-AMS IN MEXICO AND PRE-COLUMBIAN ARCHAEOLOGY
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

14C-AMS IN MEXICO AND PRE-COLUMBIAN ARCHAEOLOGY
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *