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Two-Step Deglaciation: 14C-Dated High-Resolution δ18O Records from the Tropical Atlantic Ocean

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

W. H. Berger
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 USA
J. S. Killingley
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 USA
C. V. Metzler
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 USA
E. Vincent
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 USA


Eight box cores from the tropical Atlantic were studied in detail with regard to foraminiferal oxygen isotopes, radiocarbon, and Globorotalia menardii abundance. A standard Atlantic oxygen-isotope signal was reconstructed for the last 20,000 yr. It is quite similar to the west-equatorial Pacific signal published previously. Deglaciation is seen to occur in two steps which are separated by a pause. Onset of deglaciation is after 15,000 yr B.P. The pause is centered between 11,000 and 12,000 yr B.P., but may be correlative with the Younger Dryas (10,500 yr B.P.) if allowance is made for a scale shift due to mixing processes on the sea floor. Step 2 is centered near 10,000 yr B.P. and is followed by a brief excursion toward light oxygen values. This excursion (the M event) may correlate with the Gulf of Mexico meltwater spike.

Original Articles
University of Washington

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