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Early Holocene hydrology and environments of the Ner River (Poland)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Piotr Kittel*
Katedra Geomorfologii i Paleogeografii, Wydział Nauk Geograficznych, Uniwersytet Łódzki (Department of Geomorphology and Palaeogeography, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, University of Lodz), Narutowicza st. 88, PL 90-139 Łódź, Poland
Mateusz Płociennik
Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Hydrobiology, University of Lodz, Banacha st. 12/16, PL 90-237 Łódź, Poland
Ryszard K. Borόwka
Geology and Palaogeography Unit, Faculty of Geosciences, University of Szczecin, Mickiewicza 18, PL 70-383Szczecin, Poland
Daniel Okupny
Institute of Geography, Pedagogical University of Kraków, Podchorążych st. 2, PL 30-084 Kraków, Poland
Dominik Pawłowski
Institute of Geology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Maków Polnych st. 16, PL 61-606 Poznań, Poland
Odille Peyron
Centre de Bio-Archéologie et d'Ecologie CBAE, Institut de Botanique, Université Montpellier, Auguste Broussonet st. 163, 34090 Montpellier, France
Renata Stachowicz-Rybka
W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz st. 46, PL 31-512 Krakow, Poland
Milena Obremska
Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Research Centre in Warsaw, Twarda st. 51/55, PL 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
Katarzyna Cywa
W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz st. 46, PL 31-512 Krakow, Poland
Corresponding author. E-mail, (P. Kittel), (M. Płóciennik), (R.K. Borówka), (D. Okupny), (D. Pawłowski), (R. Stachowicz-Rybka), (M. Obremska), (K. Cywa).


The Ner River valley (central Poland) underwent substantial transformation during the Weichselian–Holocene transition as a result of fluvial processes and climate changes, resulting in the establishment of its present shape in the Holocene. A multiproxy study based on organic deposits from a palaeochannel fill (Lutomiersk–Koziówki) shows that after the channel was cut off during the late glacial termination, it became a shallow oxbow, fed by local springs. In the Boreal period, the oxbow lake was also fed by precipitation and became a telmatic environment overgrown by rush and swamp vegetation. Finally, it was covered by overbank deposits. The first flooding phase (9900–9600 cal. BP) was followed by the accumulation of overbank sediments (after 9500 cal. BP) and flooding increased after ca. 9300–9000 cal. BP. Pollen data provide information on the regional vegetation context for local and regional changes. In the Atlantic period, an increase in both summer and winter temperatures is inferred from the pollen data, corresponding to an expansion of thermophilous deciduous forests. While in general, flooding phases of the Early Holocene are poorly recognised in Eastern Europe, the Lutomiersk–Koziówki site may be considered as one of the reference points for this phenomenon in the region.

Original Articles
University of Washington

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