Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-fnprw Total loading time: 0.248 Render date: 2022-08-19T00:43:34.979Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Dissimilarity Mapping Between Fossil and Contemporary Pollen Spectra in Europe for the Past 13,000 Years

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Abstract

The degree of analogy between fossil and contemporary pollen spectra in Europe has been investigated using the chord-distance dissimilarity measure. No-analog pollen spectra represent vegetation without a modern analog and hence, by inference, represent macroclimatic conditions different from any occurring in the region today. Such spectra have minimum chord distances that exceed a threshold value assessed using contemporary samples from the same and different vegetation u units. Contoured maps of minimum chord distance portray the changing patterns of analogous and no-analog pollen spectra, and hence vegetation units, since 13,000 yr B.P. No-analog vegetation units have been extensive in some regions for much of the Holocene, persisting as recently as 1000 years ago in many areas. The chord-distance measure has also been used to explore the patterns, extent, and rates of change in European pollen spectra since 13,000 yr B.P. Pollen spectra changed rapidly during late-glacial and early Holocene times and during the last millennium. Paleoclimatic changes have brought about the major changes in the Holocene paleovegetation of Europe. Human impact upon European vegetation has obscured neither the contemporary relationship between pollen spectra and vegetation nor the climatically determined long-term changes of vegetation across the continent since 13,000 yr B.P.

Type
Articles
Copyright
University of Washington

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Andersson, G. Haaseln i Sverige dordom och nil. Sveriges Geologiska Undersöking 3 1902 168 Series Ca Google Scholar
Behre, K-E. The role of man in European vegetation history Huntley, B. Webb, T. III Vegetation History 1988 Kluwer Dordrecht 633 672 Google Scholar
Bernabo, J. C. Webb, T. III Changing patterns in the Holocene pollen record of northeastern North America: A mapped summary. Quaternary Research 8 1977 64 96 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Good, R. A theory of plant geography. New Phytologist 30 1931 11 171 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guiot, J. Late Quaternary climatic change in France estimated from multivariate pollen time series. Quaternary Research 28 1987 100 118 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huntley, B. Glacial and Holocene vegetation history: Europe Huntley, B. Webb, T. III Vegetation History 1988 Kluwer Dordrecht 341 383 Google Scholar
Huntley, B. European vegetation history: palaeovegetation m maps from pollen data—13,000 B.P. to present. Journal of Quaternary Science 5, in press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huntley, B. Bartlein, P. J. Prentice, I. C. Climatic control of the distribution and abundance of beech (Fagus) in Europe and North America. Journal of Biogeography 16 1989 551 560 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huntley, B. Birks, H. J. B. An Atlas of Past and Present Pollen Maps for Europe: 0–13000 Years Ago 1983 Cambridge Univ Press Cambridge Google Scholar
Huntley, B. Prentice, I. C. July temperatures in Europe from pollen data, 6000 years before present. Science 241 1988 687 690 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jacobson, G. L. Webb, T. III Grimm, E. C. Patterns and rates of vegetation change during the deglaciation of eastern North America Ruddiman, W. F. Wright, H. E. Jr. The Geology of North America Vol. K-3 1987 Geological Society of America Boulder, CO 277 288 Google Scholar
Kutzbach, J. E. Guetter, P. J. The influence of changing orbital parameters and surface boundary conditions on climate simulations for the past 18,000 years. Journal of Atmospheric Science 43 1986 1726 1759 2.0.CO;2>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lamb, H. H. Climate, History and the Modern World 1982 Methuen London CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McAndrews, J. H. Human disturbance of North American forests and grasslands: The fossil pollen record Huntley, B. Webb, T. III Vegetation History 1988 Kluwer Dordrecht 673 697 Google Scholar
Menéndez Amor, J. Florschütz, F. Contribución al conocimiento de la historia de la vegetación en España durante el Cuaternario. Estudios Geológicos 17 1961 83 99 Google Scholar
Nikiforova, L. D. Parunin, O. B. Zaitseva, G. I. A. Palinologicheskie i radiouglerodyne issledovaniia golotsenovykh otlozhenii bol'shezemel'skoi tundry 1975 Manuscript deposited at VINITI, Moscow. (Reference in Peterson, 1983a) Google Scholar
Overpeck, J. T. Webb, T. III Prentice, I. C. Quantitative interpretation of fossil pollen spectra: Dissimilarity coefficients and the method of modern analogs. Quaternary Research 23 1985 87 108 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peterson, G. M. Holocene Vegetation and Climate in the Western U.S.S.R.. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation 1983 Univ. of Wisconsin Madison Google Scholar
Peterson, G. M. Recent pollen spectra and zonal vegetation in the western U.S.S.R.. Quaternary Science Reviews 2 1983 281 321 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rrentice, I. C. Pollen mapping of regional vegetation patterns in south and central Sweden. Journal of Biogeography 10 1983 441 454 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ralska-Jasiewiczowa, M. Osady denne Jeziora Mikolajskiego na Pojezierzu Mazurskim w swietle badan paleobotanicznych. Acta Palaeobotanica 7 1966 1 118 Google Scholar
Stuart, A. J. Pleistocene Vertebrates of the British Isles 1982 Longman London Google Scholar
Webb, T. III Corresponding patterns of pollen and vegetation in lower Michigan: A comparison of quantitative data. Ecology 55 1974 17 28 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Webb, T. III Is vegetation in equilibrium with climate? How to interpret late-Quaternary pollen data. Vegetatio 67 1986 75 91 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Webb, T. III Glacial and Holocene vegetation history: Eastern North America Huntley, B. Webb, T. III Vegetation History 1988 Kluwer Dordrecht 385 414 Google Scholar
Webb, T. III Laseski, R. A. Bernabo, J. C. Sensing vegetational patterns with pollen data: Choosing the data. Ecology 59 1978 1151 1163 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Webb, T. III McAndrews, J. H. Corresponding patterns of contemporary pollen and vegetation in central North America. Geological Society of America Memoir 145 1976 267 299 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Woodward, F. I. Climate and Plant Distribution 1987 Cambridge Univ. Press Cambridge Google Scholar
68
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Dissimilarity Mapping Between Fossil and Contemporary Pollen Spectra in Europe for the Past 13,000 Years
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Dissimilarity Mapping Between Fossil and Contemporary Pollen Spectra in Europe for the Past 13,000 Years
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Dissimilarity Mapping Between Fossil and Contemporary Pollen Spectra in Europe for the Past 13,000 Years
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *