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Chironomids as indicators of natural and human impacts in a 700-yr record from the northern Patagonian Andes

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Natalia Williams
Affiliation:
Laboratorio de Análisis por Activación Neutrónica, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Av. Bustillo km 9.5, 8400, Bariloche, Argentina Centro Científico Tecnológico, CONICET, Patagonia Norte, Argentina
Maria Rieradevall
Affiliation:
Grup de Recerca F.E.M. (Freshwater Ecology and Management), Department d’Ecologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 643, 08028, Barcelona, Spain IRBio (Institut de Recerca de Biodiversitat), Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
Diego Añón Suárez
Affiliation:
Laboratorio de Fotobiología (CRUB-INIBIOMA), Quintral 1250, 8400, Bariloche, Argentina
Andrea Rizzo
Affiliation:
Centro Científico Tecnológico, CONICET, Patagonia Norte, Argentina Grup de Recerca F.E.M. (Freshwater Ecology and Management), Department d’Ecologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 643, 08028, Barcelona, Spain
Romina Daga
Affiliation:
Centro Científico Tecnológico, CONICET, Patagonia Norte, Argentina Grup de Recerca F.E.M. (Freshwater Ecology and Management), Department d’Ecologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 643, 08028, Barcelona, Spain
Sergio Ribeiro Guevara
Affiliation:
Laboratorio de Análisis por Activación Neutrónica, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Av. Bustillo km 9.5, 8400, Bariloche, Argentina
María Angélica Arribére
Affiliation:
Laboratorio de Análisis por Activación Neutrónica, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Av. Bustillo km 9.5, 8400, Bariloche, Argentina Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Argentina
Corresponding
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Abstract

Chironomid communities were studied in a sediment core collected from Lake Moreno Oeste, located in Nahuel Huapi National Park. A major change in midge assemblages occurred at ∼AD 1760, which was characterized by a decrease of “cold taxa” including Polypedilum sp.2 and Dicrotendipes, and an increase of “warm taxa” including Apsectrotanypus and Polypedilum sp.1. These taxa are likely related to climatic conditions concurrent with the end of a cold period at ∼AD 1500-1700 and the beginning of a drying climate at ∼AD 1740-1900 in northern Patagonia. Coarse tephra layers had low midge diversity; however they did not disrupt the climatic trend as the community recovered rapidly after the event. Since AD 1910, after the increase in suburban housing, fish introduction, and the construction of a road, there was an increase in the relative abundances of taxa typically associated with the littoral zone, such as Parapsectrocladius, Riethia, Apsectrotanypus, and some Tanytarsini morphotypes. The main change in the chironomid community appears to be associated with long-term climate change. At the beginning of the 20th century, other site-specific environmental factors (catchment change and fish introduction) altered the chironomid assemblages, making it more difficult to understand the relative importance of each driver of assemblage change.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © American Quaternary Association 2016

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Footnotes

1 Deceased 15.X.2015

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Chironomids as indicators of natural and human impacts in a 700-yr record from the northern Patagonian Andes
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