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Atapuerca Neanderthal landscape at Fuente Mudarra site in Burgos, Spain, during Marine Isotope Stages 5–3

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 August 2020

Marta Santamaría*
Affiliation:
Área de Prehistoria, Departamento de Historia, Geografía y Comunicación. Universidad de Burgos, Facultad de Humanidades y Comunicación, Paseo de los Comendadores s/n 09001 Burgos, Spain
Marta Navazo
Affiliation:
Área de Prehistoria, Departamento de Historia, Geografía y Comunicación. Universidad de Burgos, Facultad de Humanidades y Comunicación, Paseo de los Comendadores s/n 09001 Burgos, Spain
Alfonso Benito-Calvo
Affiliation:
Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), Paseo Sierra de Atapuerca 3, 09002 Burgos, Spain
Rodrigo Alonso
Affiliation:
Museo de la Evolución Humana, Paseo Sierra de Atapuerca, s/n, 09002 Burgos, Spain
Gloria I. López
Affiliation:
Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), Paseo Sierra de Atapuerca 3, 09002 Burgos, Spain
Eudald Carbonell
Affiliation:
Área de Prehistoria, Departamento de Historia, Geografía y Comunicación. Universidad de Burgos, Facultad de Humanidades y Comunicación, Paseo de los Comendadores s/n 09001 Burgos, Spain Institut Catalá de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social, C/Escorxador s/n, 43003 Tarragona, Spain Área de Prehistoria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Avinguda de Catalunya 35, 43002 Tarragona, Spain
*
*Corresponding author e-mail address: msantamariadiez@gmail.com (M. Santamaría).

Abstract

Fuente Mudarra is on a gentle slope on the left bank of the Pico River, near Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain. A 12−m2 test pit was dug at this large open-air site between 2012 and 2017. Several upper Pleistocene archaeological levels were documented. Results from Fuente Mudarra confirm that Neanderthal groups, little represented at cave sites, occupied Sierra de Atapuerca from the end of the middle Pleistocene and during the upper Pleistocene. The site also provides insight into Neanderthal spatial organization in the Atapuerca area and whether they used the caves in an occasional, non-habitual way like the open-air sites.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © University of Washington. Published by Cambridge University Press, 2020

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Atapuerca Neanderthal landscape at Fuente Mudarra site in Burgos, Spain, during Marine Isotope Stages 5–3
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Atapuerca Neanderthal landscape at Fuente Mudarra site in Burgos, Spain, during Marine Isotope Stages 5–3
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