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The Science Case for PILOT II: the Distant Universe

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 March 2013

J. S. Lawrence*
Affiliation:
School of Physics, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052
M. C. B. Ashley
Affiliation:
School of Physics, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052
A. Bunker
Affiliation:
Anglo-Australian Observatory, NSW 1710
R. Bouwens
Affiliation:
Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
D. Burgarella
Affiliation:
Observatoire Astronomique de Marseille Provence, Université d'Aix-Marseille, Marseille 13388, France
M. G. Burton
Affiliation:
School of Physics, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052
N. Gehrels
Affiliation:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
K. Glazebrook
Affiliation:
Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC 3122
K. Pimbblet
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072
R. Quimby
Affiliation:
Astronomy Department, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
W. Saunders
Affiliation:
Anglo-Australian Observatory, NSW 1710
J. W. V. Storey
Affiliation:
School of Physics, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052
J. C. Wheeler
Affiliation:
Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA
*
KCorresponding author. Email: jsl@science.mq.edu.au
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Abstract

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PILOT (the Pathfinder for an International Large Optical Telescope) is a proposed 2.5-m optical/infrared telescope to be located at Dome C on the Antarctic plateau. The atmospheric conditions at Dome C deliver a high sensitivity, high photometric precision, wide-field, high spatial resolution, and high-cadence imaging capability to the PILOT telescope. These capabilities enable a unique scientific potential for PILOT, which is addressed in this series of papers. The current paper presents a series of projects dealing with the distant (redshift >1) Universe, that have been identified as key science drivers for the PILOT facility. The potential for PILOT to detect the first populations of stars to form in the early Universe, via infrared projects searching for pair-instability supernovae and gamma-ray burst afterglows, is investigated. Two projects are proposed to examine the assembly and evolution of structure in the Universe: an infrared survey searching for the first evolved galaxies at high redshift, and an optical survey aimed at characterising moderate-redshift galaxy clusters. Finally, a large-area weak-lensing survey and a program to obtain supernova infrared light-curves are proposed to examine the nature and evolution of dark energy and dark matter.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Astronomical Society of Australia 2009

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