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Recreating the OSIRIS-REx slingshot manoeuvre from a network of ground-based sensors

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 November 2020

Trent Jansen-Sturgeon*
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA6845, Australia
Benjamin A. D. Hartig
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA6845, Australia
Gregory J. Madsen
Affiliation:
Lockheed Martin Australia, Barton, ACT 2600, Australia
Philip A. Bland
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA6845, Australia
Eleanor K. Sansom
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA6845, Australia
Hadrien A. R. Devillepoix
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA6845, Australia
Robert M. Howie
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA6845, Australia
Martin Cupák
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA6845, Australia
Martin C. Towner
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA6845, Australia
Morgan A. Cox
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA6845, Australia
Nicole D. Nevill
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA6845, Australia
Zacchary N. P. Hoskins
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA6845, Australia
Geoffrey P. Bonning
Affiliation:
Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT2601, Australia
Josh Calcino
Affiliation:
School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia
Jake T. Clark
Affiliation:
Centre for Astrophysics, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD4350, Australia
Bryce M. Henson
Affiliation:
Laser Physics Centre, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT2601, Australia
Andrew Langendam
Affiliation:
School of Earth, Atmosphere and Environment, Monash University, Clayton, VIC3800, Australia
Samuel J. Matthews
Affiliation:
Geological Survey of New South Wales, NSW, Australia
Terence P. McClafferty
Affiliation:
College of Education, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT0909, Australia
Jennifer T. Mitchell
Affiliation:
School of Earth, Atmosphere and Environment, Monash University, Clayton, VIC3800, Australia
Craig J. O’Neill
Affiliation:
Macquarie Planetary Research Centre, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW2109, Australia
Luke T. Smith
Affiliation:
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW2109, Australia
Alastair W. Tait
Affiliation:
School of Earth, Atmosphere and Environment, Monash University, Clayton, VIC3800, Australia Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Stirling, StirlingFK9 4LA, UK
*
Author for correspondence: Trent Jansen-Sturgeon, E-mail: trentjansensturgeon@gmail.com

Abstract

Optical tracking systems typically trade off between astrometric precision and field of view. In this work, we showcase a networked approach to optical tracking using very wide field-of-view imagers that have relatively low astrometric precision on the scheduled OSIRIS-REx slingshot manoeuvre around Earth on 22 Sep 2017. As part of a trajectory designed to get OSIRIS-REx to NEO 101955 Bennu, this flyby event was viewed from 13 remote sensors spread across Australia and New Zealand to promote triangulatable observations. Each observatory in this portable network was constructed to be as lightweight and portable as possible, with hardware based off the successful design of the Desert Fireball Network. Over a 4-h collection window, we gathered 15 439 images of the night sky in the predicted direction of the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft. Using a specially developed streak detection and orbit determination data pipeline, we detected 2 090 line-of-sight observations. Our fitted orbit was determined to be within about 10 km of orbital telemetry along the observed 109 262 km length of OSIRIS-REx trajectory, and thus demonstrating the impressive capability of a networked approach to Space Surveillance and Tracking.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Astronomical Society of Australia

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