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Preparing the heart, eye, and brain: Foreperiod length effects in a nonaging paradigm
Published online by Cambridge University Press: 23 July 2016
Psychophysiological “preparatory” responses may or may not depend on a focused expectation of when a stimulus will occur. Changes in heart rate, pupillary diameter, and brain potentials were examined during trials in which foreperiod of a simple reaction time (RT) task was fixed or unpredictable. Trials were also included in which stimuli for the speeded motor reaction were triggered by psychophysiological changes occurring spontaneously in the foreperiod. Thirty-two college-aged volunteers equally divided by gender participated in the experiment. Reducing expectancy, by using nonaging foreperiods, eliminated transient prestimulus psychophysiological responses but failed to eliminate slow changes over the foreperiod—slowing of heart rate, dilation of the pupil, and cortical surface negativity. Triggering the reaction stimulus by physiological changes did not influence RT. Correlations between psychophysiological changes in the foreperiod and between these changes and RT were generally low. The results were consistent with a multiprocess view of preparation.
- Research Article
- Psychophysiology , Volume 35 , Issue 1 , January 1998 , pp. 90 - 98
- 1998 Society for Psychophysiological Research