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Multidimensional assessment of impulsivity-related measures in relation to externalizing behaviors

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 September 2018

Kasey G. Creswell*
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Aidan G. C. Wright
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Janine D. Flory
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA James J Peters VAMC, New York, NY, USA
Carillon J. Skrzynski
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Stephen B. Manuck
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Author for correspondence: Kasey Creswell, E-mail:



Trait impulsivity is thought to play a key role in predicting behaviors on the externalizing spectrum, such as drug and alcohol use and aggression. Research suggests that impulsivity may not be a unitary construct, but rather multidimensional in nature with dimensions varying across self-report assessments and laboratory behavioral tasks. Few studies with large samples have included a range of impulsivity-related measures and assessed several externalizing behaviors to clarify the predictive validity of these assessments on important life outcomes.


Community adults (N = 1295) between the ages of 30 and 54 completed a multidimensional assessment of impulsivity-related traits (including 54 self-report scales of personality traits implicated in impulsive behaviors, and four behavioral tasks purporting to assess a construct similar to impulsivity) and reported on five externalizing behavioral outcomes (i.e. drug, alcohol, and cigarette use, and physical and verbal aggression). We ran an exploratory factor analysis on the trait scales, and then a structural equation model predicting the externalizing behaviors from the three higher-order personality factors (i.e. Disinhibition v. Constraint/Conscientiousness, Neuroticism/Negative Emotionality, and Extraversion/Positive Emotionality) and the four behavioral tasks.


Relations between the self-report factors and behavioral tasks were small or nonexistent. Associations between the self-report factors and the externalizing outcomes were generally medium to large, but relationships between the behavioral tasks and externalizing outcomes were either nonexistent or small.


These results partially replicate and extend recent meta-analytic findings reported by Sharma et al. (2014) to further clarify the predictive validity of impulsivity-related trait scales and laboratory behavioral tasks on externalizing behaviors.

Original Articles
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2018 

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