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Dissecting the functional outcomes of first episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a 10-year follow-up study in the PAFIP cohort

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 November 2019

Rosa Ayesa-Arriola
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, IDIVAL, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Madrid, Spain
Víctor Ortíz-García de la Foz
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, IDIVAL, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Madrid, Spain
Obdulia Martínez-García
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, IDIVAL, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain
Esther Setién-Suero
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, IDIVAL, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Madrid, Spain
María Luz Ramírez
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, IDIVAL, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain
Paula Suárez-Pinilla
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, IDIVAL, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Madrid, Spain
Jacqueline Mayoral-van Son
Affiliation:
CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Madrid, Spain Sierrallana Hospital, Torrelavega, Cantabria, Spain
Javier Vázquez-Bourgon
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, IDIVAL, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Madrid, Spain
María Juncal-Ruiz
Affiliation:
CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Madrid, Spain Sierrallana Hospital, Torrelavega, Cantabria, Spain
Marcos Gómez-Revuelta
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, IDIVAL, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain
Diana Tordesillas-Gutiérrez
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, IDIVAL, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Madrid, Spain
Benedicto Crespo-Facorro
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, IDIVAL, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Madrid, Spain
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Background

The aim of the current study was to examine the heterogeneity of functional outcomes in first episode psychosis (FEP) patients and related clinical, neurocognitive and sociodemographic factors using a cluster analytic approach.

Method

A large sample of FEP patients (N = 209) was functionally reassessed 10 years after the first contact with an early intervention service. Multiple baseline, 3-year and 10-year follow-up variables were explored.

Results

The cluster analysis emphasized the existence of six independent clusters of functioning: one cluster was normal overall (42.16%), two clusters showed moderate interpersonal (9.63%) or instrumental (12.65%) deficits, two clusters showed more severe interpersonal (12.05%) or interpersonal and instrumental (13.85%) deficits and there was a significantly overall impaired cluster (9.63%). Cluster comparisons showed that several baseline and follow-up factors were differentially involved in functional outcomes.

Conclusions

The current study demonstrated that distinct clusters of functioning in FEP patients can be identified. The fact that a variety of profiles was observed contributes to a better understanding of the nature of the heterogeneity characterizing FEP patients and has clinical implications for developing individualized treatment plans.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2019

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Footnotes

The online version of this article has been updated since original publication. A notice detailing the changes has also been published at https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719003854.

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