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Zero-electron-mass limit of the compressible Navier–Stokes–Poisson equations with well/ill-prepared initial data

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 August 2022

Yeping Li
School of Science, Nantong University, Nantong 226019, P. R. China (
Jie Liao
School of Mathematics, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China (


In this study, we consider the viscous compressible Navier–Stokes–Poisson equations, which consist of the balance laws for electron density and moment, and a Poisson equation for the electrostatic potential. The limit of vanishing electron mass of this system with both well/ill-prepared initial data on the whole space is rigorously justified within the framework of local smooth solution. We first make use of the symmetric hyperbolic–parabolic structure of the compressible Navier–Stokes–Poisson equation to obtain uniform estimate in the short time, by which we show uniform existence of local classical solution to the compressible Navier–Stokes–Poisson equation in $\mathbb {R}^d(d\geq 1)$. Further, with uniform estimate of time derivatives, we show the zero-electron-mass limit of the solutions for the compressible Navier–Stokes–Poisson equation with well-prepared initial data in $\mathbb {R}^d(d\geq 1)$ by using Aubin's lemma. A detailed spectral analysis on the linearized system is done so that we are able to prove the zero-electron-mass limit of the solutions with ill-prepared initial data in $\mathbb {R}^d(d\geq 3)$, where the convergence occurs away from the time $t=0$. Finally, note that the dissipation mechanism for the linearized compressible Navier–Stokes–Poisson system is different from that of the compressible Euler equations in Grenier (Commun. Partial Diff. Eqns.21 (1996), 363–394); Grenier (Commun. Pure Appl. Math.50 (1997), 821–865); Ukai (J. Math. Kyoto Univ.26 (1986), 323–331), or that of the compressible Euler–Poisson equations in Ali and Chen (Nonlinearity24 (2011), 2745–2761), since its eigenvalues are somehow similar to that of heat equation, and the fundamental solution contains a part behaving like the heat kernel, thus a big difficulty is the singularity of the heat kernel at $t=0$.

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Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Royal Society of Edinburgh

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