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Global existence for the magnetohydrodynamic system in critical spaces

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 July 2008

Hammadi Abidi
IRMAR, Université de Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes cedex, France (
Marius Paicu
Laboratoire de Mathématique, Université Paris Sud, Bâtiment 425, 91405 Orsay, France (


In this article, we show that the magnetohydrodynamic system in $\mathbb{R}^N$ with variable density, variable viscosity and variable conductivity has a local weak solution in the Besov space $\dot{B}^{N/p_1}_{p_1,1}(\mathbb{R}^N)\times\dot{B}^{(N/p_2)-1}_{p_2,1}(\mathbb{R}^N) \times\dot{B}^{(N/p_2)-1}_{p_2,1}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ for all $1<p_2<+\infty$ and some $1<p_1\leq2N/3$ if the initial density approaches a positive constant. Moreover, this solution is unique if we impose the restrictive condition $1<p_2\leq2N$. We also prove that the constructed solution exists globally in time if the initial data are small. In particular, this allows us to work in the framework of Besov space with negative regularity indices and this fact is particularly important when the initial data are strongly oscillating.

Research Article
2008 Royal Society of Edinburgh

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