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ON THE WARING–GOLDBACH PROBLEM FOR FOURTH AND FIFTH POWERS

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 August 2001

KOICHI KAWADA
Affiliation:
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Iwate University, Morioka, 020-8550 Japan, kawada@iwate-u.ac.jp
TREVOR D. WOOLEY
Affiliation:
Department of Mathematics, University of Michigan, East Hall, 525 East University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1109, USA, wooley@math.lsa.umich.edu
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Abstract

It is shown that every sufficiently large integer congruent to $14$ modulo $240$ may be written as the sum of $14$ fourth powers of prime numbers, and that every sufficiently large odd integer may be written as the sum of $21$ fifth powers of prime numbers. The respective implicit bounds $14$ and $21$ improve on the previous bounds $15$ (following from work of Davenport) and $23$ (due to Thanigasalam). These conclusions are established through the medium of the Hardy-Littlewood method, the proofs being somewhat novel in their use of estimates stemming directly from exponential sums over prime numbers in combination with the linear sieve, rather than the conventional methods which `waste' a variable or two by throwing minor arc estimates down to an auxiliary mean value estimate based on variables not restricted to be prime numbers. In the work on fifth powers, a switching principle is applied to a cognate problem involving almost primes in order to obtain the desired conclusion involving prime numbers alone. 2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 11P05, 11N36, 11L15, 11P55.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
2001 London Mathematical Society

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