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Space Weather Storm Responses at Mars: Lessons from A Weakly Magnetized Terrestrial Planet

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 September 2017

J. G. Luhmann
Affiliation:
Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, email: jgluhman@ssl.berkeley.edu
C. F. Dong
Affiliation:
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
Y. J. Ma
Affiliation:
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
S. M. Curry
Affiliation:
Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, email: jgluhman@ssl.berkeley.edu
Yan Li
Affiliation:
Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, email: jgluhman@ssl.berkeley.edu
C. O. Lee
Affiliation:
Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, email: jgluhman@ssl.berkeley.edu
T. Hara
Affiliation:
Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, email: jgluhman@ssl.berkeley.edu
R. Lillis
Affiliation:
Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, email: jgluhman@ssl.berkeley.edu
J. Halekas
Affiliation:
University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
J. E. Connerney
Affiliation:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
J. Espley
Affiliation:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
D. A. Brain
Affiliation:
LASP, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
Y. Dong
Affiliation:
LASP, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
B. M. Jakosky
Affiliation:
LASP, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
E. Thiemann
Affiliation:
LASP, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
F. Eparvier
Affiliation:
LASP, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
F. Leblanc
Affiliation:
LATMOS/IPSL, UPMC University Paris, Paris, France
P. Withers
Affiliation:
Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
C. T. Russell
Affiliation:
Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA
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Abstract

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Much can be learned from terrestrial planets that appear to have had the potential to be habitable, but failed to realize that potential. Mars shows evidence of a once hospitable surface environment. The reasons for its current state, and in particular its thin atmosphere and dry surface, are of great interest for what they can tell us about habitable zone planet outcomes. A main goal of the MAVEN mission is to observe Mars’ atmosphere responses to solar and space weather influences, and in particular atmosphere escape related to space weather ‘storms’ caused by interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs). Numerical experiments with a data-validated MHD model suggest how the effects of an observed moderately strong ICME compare to what happens during a more extreme event. The results suggest the kinds of solar and space weather conditions that can have evolutionary importance at a planet like Mars.

Type
Contributed Papers
Copyright
Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2017 

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