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Solar activity forcing of terrestrial hydrological phenomena

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 September 2017

Pablo J. D. Mauas
Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio, Universidad de Buenos Aires, CONICET C.C. 67 Suc. 28 - 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina email:,
Andrea P. Buccino
Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio, Universidad de Buenos Aires, CONICET C.C. 67 Suc. 28 - 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina email:,
Eduardo Flamenco
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Rivadavia 1439, 1033, Buenos Aires, Argentina
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Recently, the study of the influence of solar activity on the Earth's climate received strong attention, mainly due to the possibility, proposed by several authors, that global warming is not anthropogenic, but is due to an increase in solar activity. Although this possibility has been ruled out, there are strong evidences that solar variability has an influence on Earth's climate, in regional scales.

Here we review some of these evidences, focusing in a particular aspect of climate: atmospheric moisture and related quantities like precipitation. In particular, we studied the influence of activity on South American precipitations during centuries. First, we analyzed the stream flow of the Paraná and other rivers of the region, and found a very strong correlation with Sunspot Number in decadal time scales. We found a similar correlation between Sunspot Number and tree-ring chronologies, which allows us to extend our study to cover the last two centuries.

Contributed Papers
Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2017 


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