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Optical microvariability of bright type 2 quasars

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 July 2014

Jana Polednikova
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain email: jana@iac.es Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Spain
Alessandro Ederoclite
Affiliation:
Centro de Estudios de Física del Cosmos de Aragón, Teruel, Spain
Jordi Cepa
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain email: jana@iac.es Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Spain
José Antonio de Diego Onsurbe
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Autónoma de México, México D. F., México
José Ignacio González-Serrano
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física de Cantabria, CSIC-Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain
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Abstract

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We present results from a project focused on searching optical microvariabilty (also known as “intra-night” variability) in type 2 - obscured - quasars. Optical microvariability can be described as very small changes in the flux, typically in the order of hundredths of magnitude, which can be observed on timescales of hours. Such studies have been so far conducted for samples of blazars and type 1, unobscured, AGNs, where the optical microvariability was detected with success. We have focused on obscured targets which would pose a challenge to the AGN standard model. In the present work, however, we have observed a sample of three bright (g mag < 17) type 2 quasar, based on the catalog of type 2 quasars from SDSS of Reyes et al. (2008). The observations were carried out with the 1.5 meter telescope at San Pedro Martir observatory in Mexico. The sample was observed during an observation period of four days in Johnsons V filter, resulting in at least two continuous intervals of observations per target during the observational run. We have obtained differential light curves for our sources as well as for the comparison stars. They were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance statistical test (ANOVA), which has been repeatedly used in the past for studies of unobscured targets. Based on the results from the statistical analysis, we show that at least two out of three observed targets appear to be variable on time scales of hours. So far, this is the first study which confirmed existence of optical microvariability in type 2 quasars.

Type
Contributed Papers
Copyright
Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2014 

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