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Massive star clusters in high-redshift star-forming galaxies seen at a 100 pc scale thanks to strong gravitational lensing

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 March 2017

Miroslava Dessauges-Zavadsky
Affiliation:
Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Chemin des Maillettes, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
Antonio Cava
Affiliation:
Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Chemin des Maillettes, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
Valentina Tamburello
Affiliation:
Center for Theoretical Astrophysics and Cosmology, Institute for Computational Science, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Daniel Schaerer
Affiliation:
Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Chemin des Maillettes, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
Lucio Mayer
Affiliation:
Center for Theoretical Astrophysics and Cosmology, Institute for Computational Science, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Johan Richard
Affiliation:
CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, 9 Avenue Ch. André, 69561 Saint Genis Laval Cedex, France
Pablo G. Pérez González
Affiliation:
Departamento de Astrofísica y Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Facultad de CC. Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Abstract

High-resolution imaging reveals clumpy morphologies among z = 1 – 3 galaxies. Most of these galaxies are dominated by disk rotation, which led to conclude that the observed clumps are generated from disk fragmentation due to gravitational instability. Despite the kpc-scale resolution attained by the most advanced facilities and numerical simulations, these clumps are barely resolved at z > 1. Thanks to the stretching and magnification power provided by gravitational lensing, we reach the sub-kpc resolving power to unveil their physics. From our literature compilation of data, we show that without lensing there is a bias toward clumps with high masses and sizes. The high-redshift clumps identified in lensed galaxies have stellar masses 2 orders of magnitude lower and a median size of 250 pc. They resemble local star clusters observed in the most intensively star-forming galaxies. The clump masses and sizes observed in lensed galaxies agree with new simulations, which show that the Toomre instability criterion overestimates the clump masses by a factor of 5 – 6.

Type
Contributed Papers
Copyright
Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2017 

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Massive star clusters in high-redshift star-forming galaxies seen at a 100 pc scale thanks to strong gravitational lensing
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Massive star clusters in high-redshift star-forming galaxies seen at a 100 pc scale thanks to strong gravitational lensing
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