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The INTEGRAL mission – an overview

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 May 2006

P. Kretschmar
Affiliation:
ESA-ESAC, P.O. Box 50727, 28080 Madrid, Spain
C. Winkler
Affiliation:
ESA-ESTEC, RSSD, Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands
T. J.-L. Courvoisier
Affiliation:
INTEGRAL Science Data Centre, Chemin d'Écogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland Geneva Observatory, Ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
G. Di Cocco
Affiliation:
IASF/CNR, Sezione di Bologna, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
R. Diehl
Affiliation:
Max-Planck Institut fr extraterr. Physik, Postfach 1603, 85740 Garching, Germany
N. Gehrels
Affiliation:
NASA-GSFC, Code 661, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
S. Grebenev
Affiliation:
Space Research Institute, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, 117810 Moscow, Russia
W. Hermsen
Affiliation:
Space Research Institute, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, 117810 Moscow, Russia
J. M. Mas-Hesse
Affiliation:
SRON-Utrecht, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands
F. Lebrun
Affiliation:
Service d'Astrophysique, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
N. Lund
Affiliation:
DSRI, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen OE, Denmark
G. G. C. Palumbo
Affiliation:
Dip. di Astronomia, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
J. Paul
Affiliation:
Service d'Astrophysique, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
J.-P. Roques
Affiliation:
CESR, Boite Postale 4346, 31029 Toulouse, France
R. Sunyaev
Affiliation:
Space Research Institute, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, 117810 Moscow, Russia Max-Planck Institut fr Astrophysik, Postfach 1317, 85741 Garching, Germany
B. Teegarden
Affiliation:
NASA-GSFC, Code 661, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
P. Ubertini
Affiliation:
IASF/CNR, via del Fosso del Cavaliere, 00133 Rome, Italy
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Abstract

The ESA observatory INTEGRAL (International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory) is dedicated to fine imaging and spectroscopy in the energy range 15 keV to 10 Mev with concurrent X-ray (3-35 keV) and optical monitoring. It was launched on October 17, 2002 and has been succesfully operating ever since. Its two main instruments the spectrometer SPI – optimized for high resolution spectroscopy – and the imager IBIS – optimized for for high resolution imaging – are complemented by the X-ray monitor JEM-X and the optical monitor OMC. All the high energy instruments use coded mask techniques, allowing imaging in the gamma-ray range and combining wide fields of view with high spatial resolution. The presentation gives an overview of the unique properties of INTEGRAL.

Type
Contributed Papers
Copyright
2006 International Astronomical Union
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