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Dissecting the 3D structure of elliptical galaxies with gravitational lensing and stellar kinematics

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2015

Matteo Barnabè
Affiliation:
Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark email: mbarnabe@dark-cosmology.dk Niels Bohr International Academy, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 17, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
Chiara Spiniello
Affiliation:
Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 1, 85740 Garching, Germany
Léon V. E. Koopmans
Affiliation:
Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, P. O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
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Abstract

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The combination of strong gravitational lensing and stellar kinematics provides a powerful and robust method to investigate the mass and dynamical structure of early-type galaxies. We demonstrate this approach by analysing two massive ellipticals from the XLENS Survey for which both high-resolution HST imaging and X-Shooter spectroscopic observations are available. We adopt a flexible axisymmetric two-component mass model for the lens galaxies, consisting of a generalised NFW dark halo and a realistic self-gravitating stellar mass distribution. For both systems, we put constraints on the dark halo inner structure and flattening, and we find that they are dominated by the luminous component within one effective radius. By comparing the tight inferences on the stellar mass from the combined lensing and dynamics analysis with the values obtained from stellar population studies, we conclude that both galaxies are characterised by a Salpeter-like stellar initial mass function.

Type
Contributed Papers
Copyright
Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2015 

References

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