Let R be a commutative integral domain and let S be its quotient field. The group GL2(R) acts on Ŝ = S ∪ {∞} as a group of linear fractional transformations in the usual way. Let F2(R, z) be the stabilizer of z ∈ Ŝ in GL2(R) and let F2(R) be the subgroup generated by all F2(R, z). Among the subgroups contained in F2(R) are U2(R), the subgroup generated by all unipotent matrices, and NE2(R), the normal subgroup generated by all elementary matrices.
We prove a structure theorem for F2(R, z), when R is a Krull domain. A more precise version holds when R is a Dedekind domain. For a large class of arithmetic Dedekind domains it is known that the groups NE2(R),U2(R) and SL2(R) coincide. An example is given for which all these subgroups are distinct.