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Travel sickness and welfare of pigs during road transport: effects of mixing and duration of journey

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 November 2017

R. H. Bradshaw
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 OES, UK
R. F. Parrott
Affiliation:
M. A. F. F. Laboratory of Welfare and Behaviour, The Babraham Institute, Cambridge CB2 4ET, UK
M. L. Forsling
Affiliation:
U. M. D. S., Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St Thomas's Hospital, London SE1 7EM, UK
J. A. Goode
Affiliation:
M. A. F. F. Laboratory of Welfare and Behaviour, The Babraham Institute, Cambridge CB2 4ET, UK
D. M. Lloyd
Affiliation:
M. A. F. F. Laboratory of Welfare and Behaviour, The Babraham Institute, Cambridge CB2 4ET, UK
R. G. Rodway
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
D. M. Broom
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 OES, UK
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Extract

Pigs are usually transported during the course of their life and various behavioural and physiological effects of the transportation process have been reported (e.g. Bradshaw et al., 1995)., Most research has been directed to examining the effects of the physical environment (e.g. Randall, 1993), simple behavioural time budgets (e.g. Bradshaw et al., 1995) and levels of 'stress' hormones in the blood before and after a journey (e.g. Geers et al., 1994). Two situations are described in this paper. The first investigated behavioural and salivary Cortisol responses of pigs to road transport when loaded in small familiar social groups or when loaded and mixed with other unfamiliar pigs. The second used catheterised animals to examine the hormonal response (Cortisol, beta-endorphin and lysine vasopressin) of pigs sampled during a long distance (8 h) road journey.

Type
Pig Welfare
Copyright
Copyright © The British Society of Animal Science 1996

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References

Bradshaw, R. H., Hall, S. J. G. and Broom, D. M. (1995) Behaviour of pigs and sheep during road transport. Animal Science 60: 557. (abstr.).Google Scholar
Geers, R., Bleus, E., Van Schie, T., Ville, H., Gerard, H., Janssens, S., Nackaerts, G., Decuypere, E. and Jourquin, J. (1994) Transport of pigs different with respect to the halothane gene: stress assessment. Journal of Animal Science 72: 25522558.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Randall, J. M. (1993) Environmental parameters necessary to define comfort for pigs, cattle and sheep in livestock transport. Animal Production 57: 299307.Google Scholar

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