Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-79b67bcb76-bntjx Total loading time: 0.217 Render date: 2021-05-15T09:49:02.759Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

A European Approach to the Regulation of PMSCs

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Mirko Sossai
Affiliation:
University of Rome III

Abstract

Image of the first page of this article. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.
Type
The Regulation of Private Military and Security Contractors
Copyright
Copyright © American Society of International Law 2014

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

1 The purpose of the project was to assess the impact of the increasing use of private military companies and security companies (PMCs/PSCs) in situations of armed conflict. Priv-War examined the regulatory framework at national, European and international levels, and made recommendations for the European Union with a view to ensuring improved compliance with international humanitarian law and human rights. For more information, see the Priv-War website at http://priv-war.eu/.

2 See Ronzitti, Natalino, The Use of Private Contractors in the Fight Against Piracy: Policy Options, in War by Contract 37 (Francioni, Francesco & Ronzitti, Natalino eds., 2011)Google Scholar.

3 See ICRC, Interpretive Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities Under International Humanitarian Law (Nils Melzer ed., 2009); cf. Schmitt, Michael N., The Interpretive Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities: A Critical Analysis, 1 Harv. Nat’l Security J. 5 (2010)Google Scholar.

4 Francioni Francesco, The Role of the Home State in Ensuring Compliance with Human Rights by Private Military Contractors, in War by Contract, supra note 2, at 93.

5 Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia v. Serbia), 2007 I.C.J. 43 (Feb. 26) at 221, para. 430.

6 The Priv-War recommendations are reproduced in Multilevel Regulation of Military and Security Contractors 607 (Christine Bakker & Mirko Sossai eds., 2012).

7 UK Foreign Office, Impact Assessment on Promoting High Standards of Conduct by Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) Internationally (2009).

8 See also White, Nigel D. & MacLeod, Sorcha, EU Operations and Private Military Contractors: Issues of Corporate and Institutional Responsibility, 19 Eur. J. Int’l L. 965 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

9 See, e.g., Agreement Between the European Union and the Republic of Mali on the Status in the Republic of Mali of the European Union Military Mission to Contribute to the Training of the Malian Armed Forces (EUTM Mali), 106 Official J. Eur. Union (Apr. 16, 2013).

10 Cf. Lindsey Cameron & Vincent Chetail, Privatizing War 17 (2013).

11 United Nations Dep’t of Safety and Security, Armed Private Security Companies, in United Nations Security Policy Manual (2012)Google Scholar.

12 Åse Gilje Østensen, Un Use of Private Military and Security Companies: Practices and Policies (2011).

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

A European Approach to the Regulation of PMSCs
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

A European Approach to the Regulation of PMSCs
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

A European Approach to the Regulation of PMSCs
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *