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Simple Triage and Rapid Decontamination of Mass Casualties with Colored Clothes Pegs (STARDOM-CCP) System against Chemical Releases

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 June 2012

Tetsu Okumura*
Affiliation:
Narita NBC Counter-Terrorism Network, Narita, Chiba, Japan Department of Crisis Management Medicine on CBRNE Hazards, Saga University, Saga, Saga, Japan
Hisayoshi Kondo
Affiliation:
Narita NBC Counter-Terrorism Network, Narita, Chiba, Japan Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Hitomi Nagayama
Affiliation:
Narita NBC Counter-Terrorism Network, Narita, Chiba, Japan Ex-staff, Narita Quarantine Office, Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, Narita, Chiba, Japan Department of Internal Medicine, Ishioka Daiichi Hospital, Ishioka, Ibaragi, Japan
Toshiro Makino
Affiliation:
Narita NBC Counter-Terrorism Network, Narita, Chiba, Japan Nihon Medical School Narita International Airport Clinic, Narita, Chiba, Japan
Toshiharu Yoshioka
Affiliation:
Disaster Task Force of the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine, Tokyo, Japan Japan Poison Information Center, Tsukuba, Ibaragi, Japan
Yasuhiro Yamamoto
Affiliation:
Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan Japanese Association for Acute Medicine, Tokyo, Japan Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan
*
Tetsu Okumura Department of Crisis Management Medicine on CBRNE Hazards, Saga University, Nabeshima 5-1-1 Saga, Saga, Japan E-mail: xj2t-okmr@asahi-net.or.jp

Abstract

The efficiency and speed with which first responders, paramedics, and emergency physicians respond to an event caused by the release of a chemical is an important concern in all modern cities worldwide. A system for the initial triage and decontamination of victims of a chemical release was developed using colored clothes pegs of the following seven colors: red, yellow, green, black, white, and blue. Red indicates the need for emergency care, yellow for semi-emergency care, green for non-emergency care, black for expectant, white for dry decontamination, and blue for wet decontamination. The system can be employed as one of the techniques directed at improving the efficiency of decontamination in countries where there is a risk of chemical releases. It is recommended that this system should be adopted internationally and used for both drills and actual events.

Type
Brief Report
Copyright
Copyright © World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine 2007

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References

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Simple Triage and Rapid Decontamination of Mass Casualties with Colored Clothes Pegs (STARDOM-CCP) System against Chemical Releases
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